Candida Albicans

Nicole Allen

Description

Candida Albicans is an opportunistic fungus (or form of yeast) that is the cause of many undesirable symptoms ranging from fatigue and weight gain, to joint pain and gas.

Diagnosis

After recognizing the rash, healthcare providers usually scrape at the affected area, and the sample is studied under a microscope

How is it transmitted?

Candida Albicans is usually transmitted from mother to child during childbirth and is rarely ever transmitted through sexual intercourse.

Frequency

Fifty-two percent of 379 episodes of candidemia were due to Candida albicans.

Isolates from the Northwest and Southeast regions were more frequently resistant to fluconazole (13.3–15.5%) and to itraconazole (17.2–20.0%) than those from the Northeast and Southwest regions (2.9–5.5% resistant to fluconazole and itraconazole).

Disease Course

Stage 1 Candida Overgrowth

Affects the mucous membrane's of the body: Mouth,Nose,Vagina and Respiratory System.

Stage 2 Candida Overgrowth

Involve more generalized and chronic reactions. And the symptoms that belong to Stage 1 are also present in Stage 2.

Stage 3 Candida Overgrowth

Stage 3 affects an individual on an behavioral and mental level. All symptoms that belonged to Stage 1 & 2 are also present in Stage 3.

Stage 4 Candida Overgrowth

Also known as systemic yeast. It is possible to suffer from a complete shut down of multiple organs when you reach this stage. The symptoms that are present in Stage 1-3 are also present in Stage 4, but they will be more severe.

Stage 5 Candida Overgrowth

Death

Possible Complications

Candida yeast infection when left untreated for a long time can be fatal. Candida moves to the blood stream and can settle in other parts of the body. This will result in other complications such as sinus problems, rashes, joint problems, acne, and many more.

Candida should live in a warm and moist area for it to survive. When it moves to the digestive system it will interfere with the normal function of the digestive tract. The yeast cell that thrives in the intestines embeds itself in the mucus membranes and starts to feed from the digestive enzymes and the undigested food. This can lead to malnutrition which later leads to serious health problems.


The immune system will also be weakened once you have a Candida yeast infection. Candida is able to produce more than 50 toxic substances that can contaminate your body. These substances harm the tissues which weaken the immune system and body organs such as the lungs, kidneys, bladder, liver and brain.

Target Audience

Women

Treatment

Treatment varies based on where the infection is located.

echinocandins caspofungin, micafungin, and anidulafungin, along with voriconazole and posaconazole, as well as lipid formulations of amphotericin B in various situations are the latest recommendations

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