Nelson Mandela

Life Story (Bibliography)

Biographical Details

Nelson Mandela was born in an African Tribe called The Xhosa Tribe, his original name was Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. He was born on the 18th of July 1918, and he died on the 5th of December 2013. Nelson Mandela was a freedom fighter who fought against apartheid. He was married Evelyn Ntoko Mase, Winnie Madikizela and Graca Machel. He also had 6 children, 4 children with his first wife Evelyn Ntoko Mase and 2 with he second wife Winnie Madikizela. Sadly only 3 of his daughters are alive today Makaziwe Mandela-Amuah, Zenani Mandela and Zindziswa Mandela.

Important Events

Nelson Mandela had lots of extremely important events during his life, some of the most important events are:

- Born on 18th of July 1918

- Enrolled at the University College Of Fort Hare (1939), then was expelled (1940)

- Began to attend a faction called African National Congress (ANC) peaceful meetings

- Elected National Secretary then President of the ANCYL (non violence politics)

- Nelson Mandela changed his view, 1961 'Umkhonto We Swize' The spear of the nation formed. (Violence part of ANC)

- Nelson Mandela was sent to Prison for 27 years in Robben Island

- Nelson wrote a biography in Robben Island prison called 'The long walk to freedom'

- He was elected as the first black African President (1991)

- Nelson Mandela ended apartheid once and for all (1994)

- Died on 5th of December 2013

Why Freedom Fighter?

Why was Nelson Mandela a freedom fighter? Well, when he was young whites were considered more superior, Nelson thought that it wasn't fair since the whites would dominate and discriminate the blacks. There were many places where blacks were not permitted to enter like white bars etc. Nelson always thought that blacks and whites should be considered equal, even when he was in prison the whites were treated better that the blacks.


My favorite quote from Nelson Mandela is 'When people are determined they can overcome anything'. I really like this quote because it is one that really relates to me, because when I was young my coach would say: If you give up you won't achieve anything! What he said helped me get through many times when I was in difficulties during both sports and education.

Prison Years

During Nelson Mandela's many years of trying to stop apartheid and prove that blacks and whites were equal, he was sent to prison in 1964 for violence while protesting for democracy. He was sentenced to be in prison for the rest of his life, while he was in court he was in a position where there was a chance that he would be condemned (hanged). He had a speech where he would say 'I am prepared to die', however his lawyer told him that he would be hanged if he said that so Nelson changed his speech to 'If need be I am prepared to die'. That speech saved him from death and was sent to Robben Island prison, there he served labour in quarries where he suffered serious eye damage. He was offered to be released if he changed his point of view, but how tempting it was he stuck to his view and was only released in 1990 which was a full 27 years. Little know fact Robben Land was mainly a prison for political isolation.

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