The Troubles

Northern Ireland Conflict 1968-1998

The Reasons for the Conflict

The Unionist Protestant majority and the Nationalist Catholic minority were fighting over which political group they would be a part of. It started with a civil rights march in Londonderry on October 5, 1968 and ended with the Good Friday Agreement on April 10, 1998. The Unionist party wanted to become part of the United Kingdom, while the Nationalists wanted to become a part of the Republic of Ireland.

The Dispute

The Troubles were an operational dispute of territory. The Nationalist Republican wanted to be become part of the Ireland Republic while the Protestants wanted to become a part of the United Kingdom.

Timeline of Events

Nation State

Northern Ireland is classified as a nation state because all of the citizens have the same language and they mostly descend from the same people.

Allied Forces

The British came in early in the conflict to bring peace between each sides. Their attempts did not work and they pulled out before the major fighting began.

Centripital Forces

  1. Minimize conflict
  2. Ireland is an island
  3. Great Britain helping with the conflict

Centifugal Forces

  1. One side was mostly Protestant unionists, while the other mostly catholic.
    Although this wasn't a religious dispute, it may have affected the dispute in
    some ways.
  2. Northern Ireland at the beginning time of the dispute had been ruled by
    unionists for the past 50 years.
  3. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) - the main republican
    paramilitary organisation in Northern Ireland - was uninterested in any solution
    short of British withdrawal and Irish unification.

Compact State

The shape of Northern Ireland has no effect on the conflict between the Catholics and the Protestants.

Physical Boundary

The border between Northern Ireland and the Ireland Republic is a physical boundary. The boundary line was drawn using the Mourne, Iron, and Dartry mountains as a template.

Morgan' opinion

The main challenges to bringing the conflict to a peaceful resolution is that each side, the Catholics and the Protestants, each knew what they wanted and would not give in. I do think that they could have come around to the resolution in a more peaceful manner by having the leaders of each side compromise on what they wanted. We already know the outcome of the conflict because it ended in 1998 but I do believe they made the best decision possible at the moment

Brionna's opinion

I think that if Northern Ireland is called Northern Ireland, and it's connected
to Ireland, then they should become a part of the Republic of Ireland, which is
what the nationalist Catholics wanted to do. I do not, however, think that they
should have gone about it in the way that they did. Instead of killing people,
maybe they could have just talked it out and made a compromise or something. I think the reason they couldn't come to a peaceful resolution was because both
sides wanted what they wanted and were too stubborn to hear what the other side had to say.

Sierra's opinion

I believe the answer to this was to just let each other be part of wherever they wanted to be a part of. An argument such as this is not worth a 30 year battle. It could have been solved through a lot less violence and death.This conflict ended with the “Good Friday Agreement”, which included a list of terms at which Ireland would follow. Although there was this agreement there still had been a point of many terrorist attacks from each side. I think there will still be a sort of tension between both sides but it will die down in time.
By: Morgan Anderson, Sierra Dondanville and Brionna Beck P.5th