Carbohydrates

By: Megan, Maddi, Eric, and Mark

What are Carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods and living tissues. They are composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.

How does your body use/ metabolize carbohydrates?

Simple Carbohydrates:

1.) Enzymes secreted by the small intestine are quickly converted from sugar to glucose.

2.) Glucose enters you bloodstream through intestinal walls and enters cells.


Complex Carbohydrates:

1.) It begins with starches and when you chew, your saliva surrounds the large-branched starch molecules and breaks them apart.

2.) While in your mouth, the starches convert to maltose.

3.) When the maltose reaches your small intestine, enzymes convert it to glucose.

4.) The glucose then goes into your bloodstream.

Where can you find carbohydrates?

COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES:

Bananas, barley, beans, biscuits, brown rice, cakes, chickpeas, lintels, nuts, oats, parsnips, pastries, pizza, potatoes, root vegetables, sugary processed cereals, sweet corn, white bread, white flour, white pasta, white rice, wholegrain cereals, wholemeal bread, wholemeal flour, wholemeal pasta, and yams.


SIMPLE CARBOHYDRATES:

Biscuits, cakes, chocolate, fruits, honey and jam, jellies, pizza, prepared sauces and foods, soft drinks, sweets and candy bars, vegetables, white and brown cane sugar.

interesting facts about carbohydrates!

1.) Carbohydrates help regulate levels of blood sugar.

2.) You should have 225-325 grams of carbohydrates per day.

3.) Carbohydrates help you fight against cancer and heart disease.

4.) Carbohydrates provide us with our main source of energy.