10th Amendment

By: Jantz Fernandez

Admendment from the Constitution

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Historical Background and why it was included in the Constitution

Submitted by Congress to the states on September 25, 1789. Ratified by the required 3/4s of the states on December 15, 1791. The tenth amendment was written to help define the relationship between federal and state governments.

What the amendment means in my words

What if the Constitution doesn't give a certain power to do something? As long as it doesn't say anywhere that the states can't do something, then the states have that power.

Name of court case and year

Name of Court: Bond v. United States

Year: Granted 2010, argued and decided in 2011

Background of the case (why are they going to court)

Carol Anne Bond was found guilty of trying to poison her husband's mistress, Myrlinda Haynes, with toxic chemicals at least 24 times over the course of several months. A grand jury in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania charged Bond with two counts of possessing and using a chemical weapon, in violation of a criminal statute implementing the treaty obligations of the United States under the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention. The grand jury also charged Bond with two counts of mail theft.

Briefly explain the court's decision and its rationale

The Supreme Court reversed and remanded the lower court order in a unanimous opinion by Justice Anthony Kennedy. "Bond has standing to challenge the federal statute on grounds that the measure interferes with the powers reserved to States,"unanimous opinion by Justice Anthony Kennedy. "Bond has standing to challenge the federal statute on grounds that the measure interferes with the powers reserved to States."

Cite source of Supreme Court Case

Citation: "Bond v. United States." Oyez. Chicago-Kent College of Law at Illinois Tech, n.d. Dec 10, 2015. <https://www.oyez.org/cases/2010/09-1227>
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