Civil War Battles

By: ~Triana Alomia~

Fort Sumter (first battle)

Thursday April 11,1861 there they stood in gray and blue uniform. Confederate led by General P.G.T Beauguard and the union led by Captain Robert Anderson. They where fighting for the Fort. Friday April 13,1861 the confederate army open fire on the fort the union didn't fire back until 2 hours later the is started the civil war. The fort ammunition wasn't ready for a equal fight captain Doubleplay had the honors of firing the first shot.This fight ended in a win for the confederates no one was killed on either side.

Antietam

The Army of the Potomac led by George McClellan, created series of powerful assaults against Robert E. Lee’s forces near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. The morning assault and deadly Confederate counterattacks passed back and forth through Miller’s Cornfield and the West Woods. Later towards the center of the battlefield, Union assaults against the Sunken Road pierced the Confederate center after a terrible struggle. Late in the day, the third and final major assault by the Union army pushed over a bullet-strewn stone bridge at Antietam Creek. Just as the Federal forces began to collapse the Confederate right, the timely arrival of A.P. Hill’s division from Harpers Ferry helped to drive the Army of the Potomac back once more. The bloodiest single day in American military history ended in a draw, but the Confederate retreat gave Abraham Lincoln the “victory” he desired before issuing the Emancipation Proclamation. They pulled a fowl and dirty move

Vicksburg

In May and June of 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s armies approached on Vicksburg, investing the city and trapping a Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. On July 4, Vicksburg surrendered after prolonged operations. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pemberton’s army and this vital place on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grant's successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies.

Appomattox Court House

Federal troops and continually cut off from turning south, Lee headed west, eventually arriving in Appomattox County on April 8. Heading for the South Side Railroad at Appomattox Station, where food supplies awaited, the Confederates were cut off once again and nearly surrounded by Union troops near the small village of Appomattox Court House. Despite a final desperate attempt to escape, Lee’s army was trapped. General Lee surrendered his remaining troops to General Grant at the McLean House on the afternoon of April 9.

gettysburg

the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Gen. Robert E. Lee awaited the approach of Union Gen. George G. Meade’s forces. On July 1, early Union success failed as Confederates pushed back against the Iron show off. The following day saw Lee strike the Union flanks, leading to heavy battle at Devil's Den, Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Peach Orchard, Culp’s Hill and East Cemetery Hill. Southerners captured Devil’s Den and the Peach Orchard, but ultimately failed to dislodge the Union defenders. On the final day, July 3rd, fighting raged at Culp’s Hill with the Union regaining its lost ground. After being cut down by a massive artillery bombardment in the afternoon, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge and was repulsed in what is now known as Pickett’s Charge. Lee's second invasion of the North had failed, and had resulted in heavy casualties; an estimated 51,000 soldiers were killed, wounded, captured, or listed as missing after Gettysburg. as you can tell the confederate lied in waiting our 16 president gave the famous gettysburg address after this battle

Fort Fisher

After the failure of his December expedition against Fort Fisher, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler was relieved of command. Maj. Gen. Alfred Terry was placed in command of a “Provisional Corps,” including Paine's Division of U.S. Colored Troops, and supported by a naval force of nearly 60 vessels, to renew operations against the fort. After a preliminary bombardment directed by Rear Adm. David D. Porter on January 13, Union forces landed and prepared an attack on Maj. Gen. Robert Hoke's infantry line. On the 15th, a select force moved on the fort from the rear. A valiant attack late in the afternoon, following the bloody repulse of a naval landing party carried the parapet. The Confederate garrison surrendered, opening the way for a Federal thrust against Wilmington, the South's last open seaport on the Atlantic coast.

Sherman's March To The Sea

Following the defeat at Peach Tree Creek, Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood was still hoping to drive Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Yankees from the outskirts of Atlanta with an offensive blow. On the night of July 21, 1864, Hood ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's corps to make 15-mile night march and assault the Union left flank, commanded by Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson. McPherson was suspected just such a move from his West Point classmate Hood, and held one of his corps in position, where they were ideally placed to meet Hood's attack. Despite initial success, Hood's attack failed to dislodge the Federals who strengthened their foothold on the doorstep to Atlanta. The deadliest walk ever heard of from Atlanta to savannah with nothing but the intent to destroy.