Mayans Incans and Aztecs
The Mayans were so architecturally advanced that they were able to make it appear as though a serpent were slithering down the side of the pyramid.
Chichen Itza has 365 steps, it is said to be like a calender
Chichen Itza's line up
It was once assumed that Chichen Itza lined up with the stars in some way but a new theory suggest that the cite of Chichen Itza lines up with cenotes and not with a star constellation.
Their methods of farming were less advanced than the rest of their culture and is said by some to have even cause their downfall. They used the slash and burn method of farming. They would cut down and burn a section of rainforest and plant crops on that land until it was no longer fertile, which usually took a couple years. When they needed more land they cut down more forest.
The Maya Fall
Tenochtitlan Now (Mexico City)
Old Spanish Map
On the outer edges they also built floating gardens, where they planted corn, beans, vegetables, fruit, and flowers. These floating gardens were called Chinampas.
Old Depiction of Tenochtitlan
Priests often beat themselves with a cactus and never bathed. They also performed rituals like drowning, ripping out and burning someones heart, or beheaded them. Usually slaves were the ones being sacrificed. They also believed that human blood needed to shed in order for the sun to rise each day.
Aztecs didn't develop a writing system and instead used hieroglyphs to write and a dotted system for counting as depicted below.
Work and Discipline
Nobles and Priest
- meat in council lead by serpent women (actually the emperors brother)
- Advise emperor
- often the leaders of smaller cities
- more prestigious than commoners, less than priests or nobles
- Some are free some are like indentured servants
- Were usually farmers, merchants, or craftsmen
- Developed clans
- Clans put up schools, markets and farms
- bought and sold like property, often used as sacrifices
When They Lived
No Money No Problem
Importance of the Road System.
The Incas Fall to Pizzaro
American Gold Leads to Capitals
Spain Finds Gold
Consumer Gains Control
Capitalism is Born
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Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor., and Anthony Esler. Prentice Hall World History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2011. Print.
"Expedition Unknown S01E09 â Mayan Apocalypse [Full Episode]."YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 23 Sept. 2015.
"History.com." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 08 Sept. 2015.
"Learn360 - User Login." Learn360 - User Login. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2015.
Nishi, Dennis. The Inca Empire. San Diego: Lucent, 2000. Print.
Somervill, Barbara A. Ancient Maya. N.p.: Children's, 2013. Freedom Flix. Web.
Photo and Video Citations