A specific type of bath salt

what is flakka?

Flakka is type of bath salt drug.

"Bath salt" is the name given to a family of drugs that have one or more manmade chemicals. Bath salts are powerful and dangerous stimulant drugs.

Other names Flakka is also know as:

Bloom, Cloud Nine, Lunar Wave, Vanilla Sky, White Lightning, or Scarface.
Flakka can increase brain and central nervous system activity in much the same way as drugs like amphetamines or MDMA (ecstasy).

How is Flakka administered?

It can be swallowed, snorted through the nose, inhaled, or injected with a needle. Snorting or injecting causes the most harmful effects.

Flakka is not used in medicine, and is completely illegal.

Flakka is an alternative to previously banned synthetic bath salt drugs. It is marketed as a cheap substitute for other stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine.

There are many harmful effects of Flakka, many of which have not been discovered yet.

Researchers do know that bath salts are chemically similar to amphetamines, cocaine, and MDMA. It can increase activity in the nervous system and cause a number of physical and psychological changes. It can cause a range of effects including lowered inhibition, anxiety, and depression.

People have reported energizing and often agitating effects. Can also raise heart rate and blood pressure. A recent study found that a common bath salt, affects the brain in a manner similar to cocaine but is at least 10 times more powerful.

Some other effects are as follows:

  • paranoia—extreme and unreasonable distrust of others
  • hallucinations—experiencing sensations and images that seem real though they are not
  • increased sociability
  • panic attacks
  • excited delirium—extreme agitation and violent behavior
  • nosebleeds
  • sweating
  • nausea
People often suffer from dehydration, breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue, and kidney failure. Intoxication from bath salts has resulted in death. The worst outcomes are associated with snorting or needle injection.

There are many short term and long term effects.

Short term effects can last up to 3-4 hours. Some short term effects include:

  • agitation
  • irritability
  • insomnia
  • dizziness
  • panic attacks
  • depression
  • suicidal thoughts
  • delusions
  • distorted sense of reality
  • decreased ability to think clearly
  • mood disturbances
  • psychosis

There's a high risk that people who use bath salts will get addicted to them. People can become physically and emotionally dependent on the feeling the drugs give them. They often find that they have to take more of the drug to get the same high, and feel withdrawal symptoms when they stop. People who abuse bath salts may feel driven to do whatever they can to keep getting high, including taking risks. Users can also develop what is called "excited delirium." When this happens, people get dehydrated, their muscle tissue breaks down, and they can go into kidney failure and die. Long-term abuse of bath salts may cause people to have hallucinations, hear voices, feel paranoid, and develop a psychosis that resembles schizophrenia. Other long-term effects include:

  • physical exhaustion
  • insomnia
  • restlessness
  • dizziness
  • blurred vision
  • headaches
  • reduced appetite and health problems from not eating properly
  • higher chances of getting sick because of malnutrition
  • depression

Support systems available

Behavioral therapy may be used to treat addiction to bath salts.

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK

Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator at 1-800-662-HELP

Makayla Ratta, Baibua Taninzon