Australia, New Zealand, Oceania


  • Also called the Tasmanian Tiger, the Thylacine is an endangered species in Australia. It is widely believed to be extinct.
  • It is a very strange creature. It is referred to as a tiger, but it looks like a dog. However, it is really a marsupial.
  • An average full grown Thylacine may weigh from 20 to 30 Kilograms, be 50 to 60 centimeters in height, and 6 feet in length.(A)

Where does the Thylacine belong in the food chain?

  • The Thylacine is a carnivore. It didn't have many predators until humans came.
  • It's prey were wallaby, rabbits, birds, sheep, and injured/sick kangaroos.
  • Thylacines eating sheep out of flocks was the main reason it was hunted and viewed as a pest.
  • Its disappearance has had an effect on these species.(like overpopulation)(A)


  • Tasmania is a very mountainous terrain.
  • It has very tropical weather, as it is an island in Australia.
  • Similarly to lions or wolves, Thylacines make their homes in the form of dens.(A)

How did the Thylacine adapt to its environment?

  • The Thylacine has a dirt colored coat of fur with stripes on it. This helps blend into its environment.
  • It also has a pouch, just like kangaroos.
  • Due to its diet on small prey, the Thylacine's jaws are thin. However, they can extend like a snake's, something for which the Thylacine is known.
  • The mountainous terrain requires it to jump a lot, which explains its long legs.(A)

Critical Information

  • Thylacines have been sighted by tourists, but are considered extinct. This means it isn't too late yet.
  • The extinction of Thylacines has left a huge scar in the ecosystem of Tasmania that still is present today.
  • The last known thylacine died in 1936 in the Hobart zoo.(A)