Archery

Comparing from years ago to today

Introduction

Archery is a sport when someone shoots an arrow with a bow at a target. The person who shoots the bow is called an archer. It’s a sport that is fun, and also competitive, even at the Olympic level. Throughout the years, more people are getting involved in archery from school, hunting shows, friends, and even in the movies, like the Hunger Games or Percy Jackson. Archery was introduced thousands of years ago, but when it started it wasn't used for just shooting targets.

How it Began

Archery History

According to Tom Brissee, the author of "History of Archery," "Arrow heads were discovered in Africa and were dated back from 25000 B.C." (3). Scientists believe that the bow was made as a replacement of the spear-thrower during this time. People made wooden arrows, with feathers as fletchings to make the arrow fly accurate, and used sharp, stone heads as broad heads to stick the arrow in the target. How they didn't find bows from that time, the first bows they found were in Denmark dating around 8000-6000 B.C. made of Elm and Yew wood. In about 2800 B.C., the first composite bow was made by the Egyptians. It was made of woods and animal horns, it was compact together to glue and animal sinew, for the body of the bow. Brissee continues, "The bowstring was made of "catguts" or sheep intestines." (Brissee 4) During this time, people in Africa and Europe weren't the only people using the bow and arrow, the Native Americans used the bow in warfare, defense but they especially used it in hunting.

Bow Hunting History

Native Americans used the bow for hunting, but the hunting strategies they did were different because of where their environment. For example, the Woodland Indians (from the mid east to the east coast) sit and wait behind trees, in brush, or any other cover and wait for an animal to come, then shoot it. The Plain Indian were more aggressive to hunt animals than the Woodland Indians did. The main animals they hunted, which was the american bison. According to Ronnie Daniels "they would ride horses up to them and shoot them while on horse." (Daniels 7) The reason of this is because of the bison's speed and size, or they would disguise themselves as another animal and creep up on them. The Desert Indians mainly hunted small game animals like rabbits, they would walk around and shoot if they see one. All Native American's main bow they hunted was the longbow, and it is still used today. (Daniels 7)

Bow Hunting

Bow hunting for large game animals such as deer, elk bears, is kind of the strategy as the Woodland Indians did, sit, wait, and sometimes use bait to attract animals. However; the most popular bow for hunting now is the compound bow, and hunters sometimes sit in tree stands or ground blinds. Bow hunting takes patience because a bow can only shoot and be effective at around 50 yards (it can be more or less effective depending on the bow weight). Other large game animals such as caribou, moose, and bison acquired to be on the ground and shoot them by sneaking up on them. Must hunters want to shoot their animal at a standing, broadside shot because its a bigger target and its a better target of the vital area (heart, lungs and liver). However, some animals, like caribou, keep moving, except when they eat and sleep, so hunters shoot a little bit forward, lead the animal, and shoot while they're on the move. Lindsey Carmichael in the article, "Bowhunting" says that bow hunting is extremely challenging because it takes patience for the animal to come in bow range, still so the animal doesn't see the hunter, needs to play the wind, so the animal doesn't smell the hunter, and be silent, so the animal doesn't hear the hunter. ( Carmichael 2) If the hunter doesn't do all those tips and does something wrong, the games over.

Archery in the Present

Types of Bows

There are many types of bows in the world, but the main three bows used now are the recurve bow, the longbow, and the compound bow. The recurve bow and the longbow are vary similar, both are general made of wood (the recurve is sometimes made of fiberglass), both stand tall, and both have a bow string that can easily be taken of the bow. The main difference of the two bows is that the recurve bow curves at each end of the bow where the string connects to the bow. According to Allen Cruthers the author of the article about "Recurve Archery Guide" on ehow.com the recurve bow competes well in the field shooting, freestyle shooting, and in the Olympics (Cruthers 1). The longbow however isn't used much now, main used of traditional bow hunting and target shooting. The compound bow is a bow that has more mechanics than the longbow and the recurve bow. It's usually made of different medals, the string is connected to pulleys which pulls the sting back, called idler wheels or cams, and it looks like it has three strings but its only one string. the compound bow is also able to adjust draw weight and some bows have adjustable draw length. Its used of hunting, indoor and outdoor shooting, and 3-D shooting.


Arrows

Arrows come in different fletching, different metals, and different tip for certain reasons. In the front of the arrow is the nock, which connects to the arrow to the bow string, and then it’s the fletching part of the bow. An arrow can have three or four fletchings, for the arrow to fly accurate. Without the fletchings, there’s no telling where the arrow hit the target. When the arrow as three fletchings, there’s two fletchings that are the same color and one fletching that’s a different color, it’s called the index fletching. Depending on the bow the index fletching either points up or sideways away from the bow. They can come in different material, like artificial feathers and plastic, but it doesn’t really matter what it’s made of, it does the same purpose. Going down the line of the arrow the next part of the arrow is the metal part or the body of the arrow.

Arrows come in different types of metals, but there reason of the type of metal, kind of make a difference. The three main types of arrows are made of wood, aluminum, and carbon. Library.thinkquest.org's article about, "Equipment" then the article about "Arrows states that, "Wooden arrows are very inexpensive which makes it great for beginners" (Library.thinkquest.org). In this case, wooden arrows are mainly used for just shooting targets. Aluminum arrows are recommended for indoor and outdoor target shooting because of its thickness; it can create a bigger hole for a better chance to crack line for a bigger score. Carbon arrows are recommend for field shooting, 3-D target shooting, and hunting, because the arrows is faster, stronger, and will fly farther than any other arrow. At the end of the arrow is the tip.


The tip are different from the fletching and the body of the arrow, it matters what type of tip is used. The two main types of tips are field tips and broad heads. Field tips are used for all target shooting (indoor/outdoor, field, freestyle etc.) and is also used for hunting small game animals like rabbits and squirrels. The broad heads are only used for hunting. If someone shoots a broad head arrow at a normal target, not only the target would be react, but the broad head blades will start to dull. So the bow is mentioned and the arrow is mentioned, know it’s time to shoot.

Archery Competitions

Like mentioned in the beginning, archery is they competitive, some of the sports that is used in archery is indoor/outdoor shooting, field shooting, freestyle shoot, and 3-D shooting. According to the articles "Target Archery," and "Field Archery," by Carmichael The indoor shooting is shooting targets indoors at a range of 20 yards or less, and outdoor shooting is like indoor shooting but with a greater distance (Carmichael 3, 4). Field shoot and 3-D shooting are almost the same, the archer walks to target to target and shoots. The only difference is that field shooting is a competition shooting at a long distance (80-70 yards) at a regular targets; 3-D shooting is shooting animal like targets at about a 40 yard range or less. (Carmichael 1, 6, and 9) Freestyle shooting is different from the other types of shoots, archers shoot by putting their feet on the limbs of the bow, pull the string back with both hands, and fire into the air (it’s a distance shoot). However; it doesn't matter its competitive some archers shoot at competitions for fun, or sight in for deer season.

Work Cited

  1. "Archery." EHow. Demand Media, 1999-2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/archery/>.
  2. Archery. 2012. Photograph. Google Images. Baruch. FRO12 LC16, 19 Sept. 2012. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10&hl=en&biw=1024&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=jhjSlu1DmGYoqM:&imgrefurl=http://blsciblogs.baruch.cuny.edu/fro12lc16/2012/09/19/about-myself-in-8-pictures/archery-2/&docid=Rgo718TepOcc5M&imgurl=http://blsciblogs.baruch.cuny.edu/fro12lc16/files/2012/09/Archery1.gif&w=1455&h=1550&ei=ADJ4UOGIKse3ywHQ8IEg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=0&sig=111441024085935701269&page=6&tbnh=131&tbnw=123&start=94&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:75,s:20,i:426&tx=51&ty=68>.
  3. Brissee, Tom. "History Of Archery." History Of Archery. Strictly Bowhunting, Inc., 2000. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.strictlybowhunting.com/Anov01issue/history_of_archery.htm>.
  4. Carmichael, Lindsey. "Types of Archery." Types of Archery. The Easton Foundations, 2012. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.discoverarchery.org/types-of-archery/>.
  5. Daniels, Ronnie. "Indian Tribe Hunting Tools." EHow. Demand Media, 01 Jan. 2010. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/list_5822594_indian-tribe-hunting-tools.html>.
  6. "Learning Archery Basics." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, 1970-2000. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0125680/basics.htm>.
  7. Longbowmen. N.d. Photograph. Google Images. Listverse. Jamie Frater, 18 Oct. 2008. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10&hl=en&sa=X&tbo=d&biw=1366&bih=624&tbm=isch&tbnid=tE0RUW3FfOi1MM:&imgrefurl=http://listverse.com/2008/10/18/12-most-impressive-medieval-soldiers/&docid=ORdqYQgIvrfkyM&imgurl=http://listverse.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/agincourt-archer.jpg%253Fw%253D400%2526h%253D342&w=400&h=342&ei=lpJ1UPaFJ4bLyQG0qYGwAg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=12&vpy=161&dur=435&hovh=195&hovw=229&tx=36&ty=93&sig=101941470898181081956&page=1&tbnh=140&tbnw=168&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:101>.
  8. Russell, Charles Marion. Indians Hunting Buffalo. 1894. Photograph. C. M. Russell Museum, Great Falls, Montana. Charles Marion Russell American Painter and Sculptor. AB URBE CONDITA. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://hoocher.com/Charles_Marion_Russell/Charles_Marion_Russell.htm>.
  9. Types of Bows. 2011. Photograph. Google Images. Bows and Arrows. Survival UK, 2011. Web. 17 Oct. 2012. <http://survivaluk.net/2011/01/24/bows-and-arrows/>.