Can You Do The Job?

Judicial Branch

Who is in it?

The Judicial Branch is made up of Supreme, Circuit, The Magistrate(local), and The Municipal(city) courts.

Also there are 9 justices but one of them is called the Chief Justice

How Does one become a member?

Unlike the Legislative and Executive Branch where the members are elected by the people, the members for The Judicial Branch, are chosen by the President and confirmed by the Senate

What Do They Do?

Here are some jobs that the Judicial does:

  • Interpreting state laws
  • Settling legal disputes
  • Punishing violators of the law
  • Hearing civil cases
  • Protecting individual rights granted by the state constitution
  • Determining the guilt or innocence of those accused of violating the criminal laws of the state
  • Acting as a check upon the legislative and executive branches of state government.

What Type of Cases Do They Here?

The Supreme Court hears cases or appeals that go against the Contitution

Some examples are:

  • Baker vs. Carr

The Supreme Court ruling that all state districts must be equal in population., required that voting district needed to be reapportioned.

  • Marbury vs. Madison

This was a case in which the Supreme Court first asserted the power of Judicial review in finding that the congressional statue expanding the Court's original jurisdiction was unconstitutional.

  • Texas vs. Johnson

It was ruled that a person has a constitutional right to burn the american flag.