Discrimination and segregation
Discrimination against and segregation of African Americans
Many laws limited the freedoms of African Americans. After the civil war, many southern states governments passed Jim Crow laws forcing separation of races in public.
Plessy Vs. Ferguson
Many hate crimes were aimed at African Americans to intimidate them. As a result, African Americans looked to the courts to safeguard their rights. In Plessy vs. Ferguson the Supreme Court ruled that "seperate but equal" did not violate the 14th Amendment. This upheld the Jim Crow Laws of the era. In the early 20th century, African Americans began th migrate north know as the "Great Migration". They went to the North in search of jobs and to escape poverty and discrimination in the South.
Responses of African Americans
Ida B. Wells led an anti-lynching campaign and called on the federal government to take action. Booker T Washington believed equality would be brought about through education and economic success. W.E.B. DuBois believed education was usueless without equality. He believed political equality was the right way to go about ending discrimination. He helped form the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).