Melanoma Cancer Research Project
By: Hayden Woodall
Definition of the Cancer
-Cancer cells are different than normal cells in the way that they divide even when they aren't supposed to, which normal cells can't do. Canceer cells also ignore signals from other cells for other things.
-Melanoma is a skin cancer, and thus affects the integumentary body system, but if it spreads a lot. It will reach and affect the immune system.
Description of the Symptoms
Causes for Melanoma
-Health factors that can lead to melanoma are skin attributes that someone has or develops. Having fair or light skin with less pigment, which lets a person get sunburnt and freckle easily, can make someone more likely to develop melanoma. Also, having a weak immune system can make you more suceptible to a disease like melanoma.
-If you have a family history of melanoma, you are more likely to get it.
Staying out of the sun, as previously stated. But also you should become familiar with your skin so you will notice any changes, like an unfamiliar mole.
-Surgery is the primary treatment for most stager of melanoma. It is very effective on the cancer when it hasn't spread very far, and can be completely removed from the body.
-Chemotherapy is injected by vein or taken by mouth. Chemo is used to treat advanced melanoma, and is not often the first treatment for melanoma. Chemotherapy is not as effective in melanoma as it is in other diseases, but it can extend the lifetimes of some patients, and relieve some symptoms.
-Radiation is used to treat some melanoma patients, and attacks skin tumor.
-Certain dieting, and nutrition habits will treat the side affects of melanoma, such as weight loss, nausea, and others.
-Avoiding being in the sun for long periods of time seriously reduces the chance of getting melanoma.
Who Gets and Causes
-In the U.S., 1/35 men will get this disease, and 1/54 women will get this disease.