Nuremberg Trials

Alex Adams

  1. The Nuremberg trials were a series of trials held between 1945 and 1949 in which the Allies prosecuted German military leaders crimes they had committed during World War II.

  2. It involved the top 24 ranking officers of the National Socialist German Workers a.k.a Nazi Party who had survived the war.

  3. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill wanted to execute the acclaimed without a trial but the U.S. representatives in London said they had a right to defend themselves.
  4. There were 4 counts of criminal complaints:
  • Count I encompassed conspiracies to commit crimes against peace.
  • Count II covered persons who committed such crimes in their individual capacities.
  • Count III consisted of war crimes committed in violation of the laws and customs of war as accepted and practiced around the world.
  • Count IV consisted of crimes against humanity, including murder, extermination, enslavement, and other inhumane acts committed against civilian populations, as well as every form of political, racial, and religious persecution carried out in furtherance of a crime.
5. Eleven of the defendants involved in the Nuremberg trials were sentenced to death by hanging.
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The Nuremberg trials, which were a series of 13 trials, were held to indict Nazi war criminals of their crimes. The Nazi Party was a political group in Germany during the second world war. Under the leadership of Adolf Hitler the Nazi Party caused World War II. When the war began Hitler and the Nazi government began implementing policies designed to persecute German-Jewish people and other perceived enemies of the Nazi state. During the years of war there was an estimated execution of 6 million Jewish Europeans and 4-6 million nonjews. The mass executions of these people were in violation of Count IV. Other prisoners that were not executed were held in concentration camps which was also in a violation to Count IV. Hitler would have been indicted but he committed suicide before the trials took place. In 1942, the Allied leaders issued a declaration noting the mass murder of Jewish people. There were many legal and procedural difficulties to overcome in setting up the Nuremberg trials. They had noticed that there was no precedent for an international trial of war crimes but they eventually established laws and procedures for the Nuremberg trials. The city of Nuremberg was selected as the location for the trials because its Palace of Justice was relatively undamaged by the war and included a large prison area. It had been the site for annual Nazi rallies but now it was being used to convict Nazi war criminals and the Allied powers really saw this as the symbolic end of Hitler's reign.

Connection

  1. Holocaust~ Citizens who weren't of the perfect standard to Hitler were put into camps were many of the people who walked in never walked back out. Most of these people were of the Jewish religion and over 6 million of them were brutally murdered. These methods of murder included mass shootings, the use of gassing and starvation. Most of the defendants in the Nuremberg Trials were put to death for the part they played in these deaths. They tried to wipe out an entire population and if Hitler would not have committed suicide then he would have definitely been at the top of the execution list.
  2. Franklin D. Roosevelt~ Franklin D. Roosevelt was the president of the United States during World War I. He and British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill decided to have trials to indict war criminals who were involved in the war. These Trials were known as the Nuremberg trials which were a series of 13 trials. The Allied powers were getting justice for lives lost during the war.