ch. 8 dietary guidlines

1.the dietary guidelines

1. anything which may reduce human health





  1. 2.a special course of food to which one restricts oneself, either to lose weight or for medical reasons.



2.getting enough nutrients within your cals needed



    • Basal metabolic rate. This reflects the energy the body needs for basic functions while at rest.
    • Dietary-induced thermogenesis, or the thermic effect of food. This is the energy the body needs to digest and absorb food.
    • The thermic effect of activity.




  1. 2.nutrient-dense foods are those foods that provide substantial amounts of vitamins and minerals and relatively few calories ex. eggs, white bread, & walnuts


3.how to maintain a healthy weight

1.

  1. A risk factor is any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury.


2. Increases the risk of many diseases, including type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, heart disease, and certain cancers.


When located around the abdomen, increases the risk even further of developing the above conditions


3.

  • Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)
  • Stroke.
  • Liver and Gallbladder disease.
  • Sleep apnea and breathing problems



4. diet & excrise

4.suggestion for being physically active everyday

1

2. they should at least get 50 mins of physical activty.


3.to make sure you are not just standing there.


enjoy the time you are working out dont complain about it

5.importance of whole grains,furits,vegetables and milk

1.they could reduce blood pessure.

they could also prevent type 2 diabates


2.they are low in fat & cholestrol.

high in fiber


3.used in mixed dishes

portion them out.

6.how to limit fats and cholesterol

1 trans fat & saurated


2.heart disease


3.Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat intake

7.be choosy about carbohydrates

1.bannas, graps, apples & pairs


2.dounghnuts , poptarts, cereal


3.tooth decay & blood levels

8.why reduce sodium and increas potassium

1.it plays a important role in enzyme


2.Stomach Cancer; Kidney Disease; Kidney Stones; Enlarged Heart Muscle; Headaches.


3. proper function of all cells

9.avoid alchol

  1. alcohol could disrupt development at a time when they're making important decisions about their lives (school, careers, relationships)

  2. alcohol can also affect how the brain disseminates information into long-term memory, a crucial element in the process of learning

  3. alcohol can affect visual-spatial functioning -- the ability to read distance properly or follow directions on a map

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to avoide foodborn illness