The battle of Okinawa


The Battle of Okinawa began in April 1945. The capture of Okinawa was a three-part plan. Okinawa was to prove a bloody battle even by the standards of the war in the Far East but it was to be one of the major battles in ww2.Okinawa is about 60 miles long and between 2 to 18 miles wide through out.There were four airfields on the island that America needed to control. The Americans wished to destroy what was left of Japanese merchant fleet to use airstrips in the region to launch bombing raids on Japan’s industrial heartland. Okinawa is the largest of the Ryukyus islands at the southern tip of Japan. America also faced the problem that they had not been able to get much intelligence information about Okinawa.

The plan

The Battle of Okinawa has been called the largest sea-land-air battle in history. It is also the last battle of the Pacific War.Three months of desperate combat leave Okinawa a "vast field of mud, lead, decay, and maggots."

More than 100,000 Okinawan civilians perish, with over 72,000 American and 100,000 Japanese casualties. The two highest-ranking officers that die during the Second World War were the commanders on Okinawa, General Simon B. Buckner and General Mitsuki Ushijima , when General Roy Geiger, a Marine aviator, assumed temporary command until General Joseph W.Stilwell arrived. It was the first time that a Marine would command a fighting force as large as a field army.

The greatest land-air-and water battle in ww2

Land air sea

April 6, 400 Japanese attack planes flew out to Kyushu to launch a "kamikaze" attacks on the American fleets and hundreds of American warships, troopships, supply vessel and landing craft offshore at the beachheads, inflicting heavy damage, the Japanese resulting in a big loss over 300 Japanese planes by the U.S. Navy task force carrier planes and withering anti-aircraft fire. The flame-throwing tanks led Americans infantry and were initially repulsed suffering heavy casualties, Then from May 4 - 6, Ushijima ordered the Japanese 24th Division to lead a land-sea-kamikaze air counter-offensive to recapture all ground lost to the Americans. Japanese troops on landing barges attempted to encircle and land behind American lines but were soon annihilated. Kamikazes attacked U.S. Naval shipping.

U.S.S. Newcomb the destroyer

The ship that gave it all!

A destroyer called the U.S.S. Newcomb. The Newcomb destroyed a lot of ships before at the Mariana Islands, Peleliu, Palau and in the Philippines But it was at Okinawa that she would fight her fiercest battle ever. On board the destroyer was 21-year-old John Chapman, a First Class Boatswains Mate, and gun captain of a five-inch gun. Facing enemy pilots willing to give their lives to sink his ship struck him as almost incomprehensibly.

the end of Okinawa

The battle of Okinawa was also known as Operation Iceberg. Okinawa was the largest amphibious landing in the Pacific theater of World War II. It took place on April 1 and ended on June 22, 1945. It also resulted in the largest casualties with over 100,000 Japanese casualties and 50,000 casualties for the Allies.