US-Canada Relationship

Economic, Social, and Political Connections

Justin VanShaar
World Geography
Period 7
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Canada is the main source of Uranium for US nuclear plants in the world. It is also one of the top three leading providers of oil in the world.
There is a high volume of bilateral trade due to enhanced security - more than $2 billion a day in goods and services. This includes land, rail, and ferry/cruise travel.
The two economies have increasingly merged since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) of 1994.
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There are close cultural ties between Canada and the United States, as both nations predominately speak English. The neighbors share a common history with Great Britain that was officially denounced around 200 years ago.
Pop culture has depicted and parodied the efforts of both nations to solidify their cultural uniqueness, mainly by Canada to deter the idea that Americans and Canadians are virtually identical, as its population and economy are roughly one-tenth of the U.S.'
Canada remains Americans' favorite foreign nation according to a recent Gallup poll. Around 300,000 people cross the border each day, and some Canadians fear being overwhelmed by the neighboring nation. James Tagg, CTO and founder of Truphone (a global mobile network) as well as the developer of the first LCD touchscreen display, reports that Canadian university students have a profound fear that "Canadian Culture, and likely Canadian sovereignty, will be overwhelmed."

Shared are the sports events of baseball, basketball, and hockey. Also many cultural events are shared across the borders of the two nations.


Their bilateral relationship is one of the closest and most extensive in the world. Their defenses share North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) mutual security commitments. Military forces cooperate within North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and collaborate in counterterrorism, aviation and maritime security, health security, visa screening, traveler and trusted trader programs, emergency management, critical infrastructure protection, and cibersecurity. Law enforcement programs include the Integrated Border Enforcement Teams (IBET), Border Enforcement Security Taskforces (BEST), and the ShipRider Integrated Cross Border Maritime Law Enforcement program. The Cross Border Crime Forum (CBCF)

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) conducts preclearance operations at eight Canadian airports cover land, rail, and ferry/cruise travel as part of the Beyond the Border Action Plan.
They manage transboundary environmental and water issues. Columbia River is managed as it flows from British Columbia into the U.S. Both cooperate on bilateral fisheries issues and international high seas governance initiatives.
Bilateral Clean Energy Release - clean energy research and development, builds more efficient electricity grid based on clean and renewable energy.
Allies in international climate change negotiations.

The last major border breach between the US and Canada was the War of 1812.
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Although these areas may seem independent they interact in ways that make each possible. Thru the polical actions of the 2 countries social and economic exchanges are possible. Thru the economic gains each country obtains financial means to protect and advance social programs. These important interactions provide the continent with more stability and growth than if these countries acted entirely independently of one another.