Modern Texas

By: Stacie Selzer

World War |

Woodrow Wilson

This is Woodrow Wilson. President of the United States during WW 1. In April 1917, Wilson asked Congress to declare war, only the second declaration of war in U.S. history. President Wilson was best remembered for his leadership during World War I and his vigorous attempt to establish the League of Nations. The war came to an end on November 11, 1918. At the Paris Peace Conference, Wilson proposed "Fourteen Points" as the basis for the peace treaty. The final Treaty of Versailles included many of Wilson's ideas. Unfortunately, the U.S. Congress did not support the Treaty. Consequently, the United States never joined the League of Nations. In 1920, Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts on behalf of the League of Nations.
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Arthur Zimmermann

This is Arthur Zimmermann. German foreign minister responsible for the 1917 Zimmermann telegram, which attempted to coerce Mexico into attacking the United States in exchange for financial incentives and a military alliance between Mexico and Germany. The exposure of Zimmermann’s communiqué was a major factor provoking the United States into declaring war on Germany.
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The Different Sides Of The War

In the First World War, the Allies, which made up of 27 states including France, Britain, Russia, Italy , the United States, Romania, Greece, Serbia and Japan, fought against the Central Powers including Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria.
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Timeline

1914 - much of Europe became engaged in a terrible war. France, Great Britain, and Russia joined to fight the forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.

May 1917 - a German submarine sank the British steamship Lusitania. Nearly 1,200 people were killed, among them over 100 Americans. One Texan—R. T. Moodie of Galveston—died trying to save a woman and a baby. The sinking angered many Americans.

Early 1917 - German submarines sank more ships carrying American passengers, and American anger with Germany grew.

January 1917 - Arthur Zimmermann, sent a coded telegram to Mexico’s president Carranza. The note asked Carranza to side with Germany if war broke out between Germany and the United States. It also promised to help Mexico reconquer territories it has lost in the U.S.-Mexican War, including Texas. The telegram was intercepted by the British who informed the United States.

April 1917 - President Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany. Congress agreed, and the nation began preparing for war.

What Caused The U.S. To Enter World War 1?

Germany sent a telegram to mexico that was intercepted by the british who informed the U.S. The telegram stated if war broke out between Germany and the United States they would join Germany. It also promised to help Mexico reconquer territories it has lost in the U.S.-Mexican War, including Texas. Also German submarines sank a lot of ships carrying American passengers.

How Did Texas Play An Important Role During The War?

Texas helped train recruits for war. Almost anyone training to fly trained in San Antonio. About 370,000 African Americans were recruited into the army, many from Texas.Mexicans living in Texas who were not American citizens were not required to serve in the military. Many volunteered, however. Hundreds of Mexican Americans served with combat troops of the 141st, 125th, 325th, and 359th Infantry Regiments in France. Many Texans received a variety of Medals

How Did World War 1 End?

Germany had formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war.

The Great Depression

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Hoover, America’s 31st president, took office in 1929, the year the U.S. economy plummeted into the Great Depression. Although his predecessors’ policies undoubtedly contributed to the crisis, which lasted over a decade, Hoover bore much of the blame in the minds of the American people. As the Depression deepened, Hoover failed to recognize the severity of the situation or leverage the power of the federal government to squarely address it. A successful mining engineer before entering politics, the Iowa-born president was widely viewed as callous and insensitive toward the suffering of millions of desperate Americans. As a result, Hoover was soundly defeated in the 1932 presidential election by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt.
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Timeline

October 1929 - Stock market crash

1933 - the Great Depression reached its nadir, some 13 to 15 million Americans were unemployed and nearly half of the country’s banks had failed.

1939 - WW 2 helps end the great depression

How Did FDR Pull The Country Out Of Depression?

He created new jobs for people, like building parks and the San Antonio river wark. Giving people jobs helped people earn more money so businesses could earn more money and then afford more people which gave more people jobs and the process does a loop.

What Caused The Dust Bowl And How Did It Affect Farmers In Texas?

The Dust Bowl is where farmers decided to grow more crops so they had to cut more trees down and plow more fields. Then a massive drought hit and all the crops died. Wind blew all the dead crops around and created dust. This dust then was blown around in small little circles. It was devastating, people had to quit their job as a farmer and move to the city where they hopefully found a job.

Which New Deal Programs Were Important To Texas?

One was the AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ADMINISTRATION. which was providing compensation to producers who adjust the acreage of their soil-depleting crops, parity of price adjustments to those who do not overplant, federal crop insurance, and other benefits.

How Were Tenant Farmers And Miners Affected By The Great Depression?

farm families experienced the first pangs of Depression when cotton prices plummeted. The commodity began its fall in early 1921, from a high of 35 cents per pound to less than 5 cents per pound by 1932. Unable to make a living on cotton, some farmers left to find work in cities. Others fell deeper into debt and tenancy.

World War ||

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the President of the when was attacked and when we became involved in World War II. He died in April of 1945 and Vice President Harry Truman took over office as the 33rd President of the United States.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Germany when World War || began. During most of the war he lived underground in a concrete shelter at his headquarters in East Prussia. It was here that Hitler controlled the German effort. Hitler was extremely successful at the beginning of the was, defeating many countries and people became convinced that he was a military genius. Be believed that some perfectly innocent people should be put death most by gas chambers, worked to death in concentration camps or burned alive. Most of these people were jews. He committed suicide at the end of the war.
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Sides Of The War

On one side were the Axis Powers, including Germany, Italy and Japan. On the other side were the Allies. They included Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America

Timeline

Germany invaded Poland

Allies declare war on Germany

Germany invades france, Belgium, etc.

Hitler invades Russia

Germans use "Blitzkreig" to overwhelm other armies

- Blitzkrieg means "lightning war" in German

- surround with tanks and troops in trucks

How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War ||?

Texans of all ethnic groups volunteered to fight. Others were drafted into the armed forces. Texas sent a greater share of its population into the service than any other state. By war’s end in 1945, some 750,000 Texans had served.

How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War ||?

Despite the horrific human toll, the war brought lasting progress to the Lone Star state. Civilians on the home front played a huge part in attaining victory; scrap metal drives, war bond campaigns and rationing all contributed to the war effort. Manufacturing increased fourfold, the permanent population increased, and the urbanization and modernization of Texas were well underway. Many military installations closed at the end of the war, and some wartime boom towns were all but abandoned. Because of World War II, the face of Texas changed forever.

How did WW || end?

On 8 May 1945, the Allies accepted Germany’s surrender, about a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide.