Working Conditions

were very difficult and even dangerous for the working class

Working Hours

The common working day was 12 to 14 hours long, with very short breaks for meals. Workers were in the factories working six days a week. They didn't get paid for holidays or vacations.

Working wages

The working class didn't get paid well, most times they struggled to earn a living. Most men, women, and children worked. Men earned 10 to 15 shillings a week, women earned five shillings a week, and children earned one shilling a week.

Unsafe Factories

The working class worked in very unsafe factories. These factories had unprotected machines and very little light to see while working. Women would often get their hair or long skirt caught in machines. Some people would lose a finger to even a leg from the unprotected machines. If somebody got hurt they would usually lose their job and receive no financial compensation for their injury for health care.

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Working Conditions Get Better

Workers tried to improve harsh working conditions by protesting against low wages, long hours, unsafe conditions, and being threatened with unemployment. Governments and business owners began to silence protesters but workers began to make progress by mid-century. Workers made self-help groups called mutual-aid societies to help sick or injured workers. Men and women came together in socialist parties or organized unions, which governments could not ignore. Eventually there were better working conditions, wages increased, or other benefits from there employers.