The American Guide

Lauren Tiefel; Editor-in-chief

The Loss of a Childhood; The Truth Behind Child Labor

New York, New York - Child Labor has been a problem for a long time. In 1890 over 1 million children worked in factories or mills and in the next twenty years that number doubled. Kids under 10 could work up to 20 hour shifts with limited breaks. Usually children would work for money because they lived in a poor family or community. Even though the pay was bad the children worked endless hours. Working in the factories was not easy, children were young and small so they could fit in the spaces between the running machinery, because of that many children were injured or killed. Many harmful toxins and chemicals also contributed to child labor deaths. These children that work have no time to play or get an education. The high standards of society caused high stress for children causing them to lose hold of their childhood.
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One Step Closer to Progress

Chicago, Illinois- Theodore Roosevelt finally started inspecting the meat processing businesses and has determined that the working conditions and production processes are unhealthy and unsanitary. The Meat inspection Act and The Pure Food and Drug Act will be made to stop these catastrophes. In this excerpt from Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle" some of these tragedies are mentioned, "On the killing-floor you might easily freeze, if the gang for any reason had to stop for a time. You were apt to be covered in blood, and it would freeze solid; if you leaned against a pillar you would freeze to that, and if you put your hand upon the blade of your knife, you would run a chance of leaving your skin on it." Sinclair wrote this book in order to show the public the pain, struggle, and gruesome happenings that went on in this industry. Hopefully these acts will lead us into a brighter future.
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Know Your Place Shut Your Face

This Poster was made by the Department of Homeland Security. It was created to keep people quiet about military locations and secret tactics that were being used during World War 1. Some people believed that the message on the poster violated the 1st amendment.

The Country With No Respect For Others

Tampico Port, Mexico- Today as the crew members of the USS Dolphin arrived at Tampico Port in Mexico, they were brutally attacked by the Mexican soldiers. The soldiers then arrested our loyal crew members. They were later released with a claim that the arrest was an accident. U.S. Admiral Henry Mayo didn't believe this apology for one second and he rightfully claimed that we deserved a 21 gun salute. When Huerta refused America wanted to use armed forces. Congress agreed.


FOR SALE: Used horse carriage; chipped paint and broken wheel, easy repair, $20

FOR SALE: Corsets; gently used but in great condition, $10

WANTED: Photographer; must own camera, $380 annual salary

WANTED: Leftover food for the U.S. army

SERVICE: Child Care; $5 per child

SERVICE: Your country needs you! Sign-up for the draft; men 21-30 yrs required

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong

Louis Armstrong was known as one of the greatest musicians of his time. Born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana, Armstrong's mother knew he would be special. As Armstrong grew up he was abandoned by his father and his mother had alternative job options. Armstrong later was arrested at the age of 11 for firing his step-dads gun into the air. After Armstrong was arrested he was sent to a house for troubled boys, there he received music lessons and fell and fell in love with the cornet (a small trumpet). Armstrong also received voice lessons. As the years went by Louis Armstrong was a household name. Armstrong sang many common songs such as "It don't mean a thing (if it ain't got that swing)" and "What a wonderful world". Louis Armstrong had a wonderful career but passed away on July 6, 1971.
It Don't Mean A Thing - Louis Armstrong & Duke Ellington

Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee on April 15, 1894. Smith was 1 child with 7 siblings. Bessie was approximately 29 years old when her music career took off. She had her first big hit, "Down Hearted Blues". Smith was nicknamed "The Empress of Blues". By the end of the decade her career started to slow down until she made a small comeback in the "Swing Era". Bessie's extraordinary life was tragically ended on September 26, 1937 from a major car accident. Bessie had both a melodic and smooth voice.
Bessie Smith (Down Hearted Blues, 1923) Jazz Legend

The Home Front

When the war started, the president needed help paying for the war, so he launched drives to sell liberty bonds. Many propaganda statements were made such as "Heatless Mondays"(used to save fuel) and "Food Can Win the War". During the war there were more than 6000 strikes being held. As men went to war, women had to step up. About 1 million women kept the economy moving. In 1918 the Sedition Act was passed. People were angry because they thought the act countered the 1st amendment. Charles Schenk challenged the act and printed a pamphlet that opposed the government's war policies. Thousands of copies of this pamphlet were made and sold. As a result Schenk was thrown in jail. There were over 1,200 cases of this issue. As a result of the riots the War Industries Board was created.