Factors of ageing

What is ageing?

Ageing is the process of getting old. It refers to physical, psychological, and social change. As an individual grows older, their body starts to wear out and slow down.
Big image

Explanation factors which influencing ageing-

Retirement- Many old people welcome retirement, as it is an opportunity for them to engage with their family and friends; as while working they may not have had the chance to interact with them as much. However, for some people retirement may be a huge reduction in their income, reduction in their social network and support system, a negative change in their self-image, and lastly a recognition of them getting old and dying. Individuals that have low income, poor health, and are trying to live without their partners as they have passed away, find it the most difficult to adjust to retiring. Retirement can have an affect on peoples relationships as both people may have to change their roles and expectations.

Physical changes- Many physical changes arise as you get older. Physical changes and increased vulnerability to chronic health conditions are often ass the major sign to ageing. These can have a huge impact on the old persons psychological and social well-being. Health problems limit old peoples mobility, therefore; this can narrow down their social contact and also can lead to mental health problems. As muscles age, they start to shrink and lose mass. This can make the individual more weak; and less physically able.

Loneliness- Loneliness can gradually increase with age. Things that can bring up loneliness are low economic status, lack of security, and social networks. Not having supportive family and friends can also be a major factor for loneliness. Widowed men and women have really high levels of loneliness and depression. To reduce the levels of loneliness old people should improve their social lives. Old people that suffer from depression often show physical signs and symptoms rather than emotional. Some of these signs and symptoms can be: changes in sleep pattern; weight loss, and decline in appetite. Depression in old people is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, so because of this it is important to address this.

Nutrition- It can become very difficult for old people to plan and prepare nutritious meals. They may not get all the nutrients and sustenance they need need due to, physical, psychological and biological factors. Older adults have fewer taste buds than younger people, the taste buds that are left have reducing taste sensations. The sense of being able to smell also fades away, this can be due to the loss of nerves in the nose. Not being able to smell can make food less enjoyable. Many old people have low income, and because of this they not be able to afford all the nutrients they need to maintain a good health.

Having a healthy lifestyle is very important throughout your whole life, as it can affect you when you are older.