Principal Parts of Verbs

November 8th

Four Principal Parts

  • Present
  • Present Participle
  • Past
  • Past Participle


Present

This is the present tense of the verb



I run to the field.


I catch the ball.


In this form the verb can be used by itself. The verb does not need a helping verb such as: am, is, are.

Present Participle

This form changes the verb by adding -ing and using a helping verb such as: am, is, are.



I am running to the field.


I am catching the ball.


If the verb ends with a vowel followed by a consonant, you double the consonant before adding -ing (run - running).



Past

This form can be used by itself as a verb. However, to make the verb past you must add -ed. If the verb ends in a vowel and a consonant, you double the consonant before adding -ed.



If the verb ends with a y, change the y to i before adding -ed. (cry - cried)


I cried when I hit my toe.


She carried the kitten home.

Past Participle

This form of the verb is in past tense, but also needs a helping verb such as: has, have, had.



I have cried when I hit my toe.


She had carried the kitten home.