Papua New Guinea

Oceania´s Country


The Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a state that occupies the eastern half of the islands of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region in the southwestern coast.

General Information

  • Official Name: Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Capital: Port Moresby


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Official Languages

  • Hiri Motu
  • Tok Pisin
  • Papua New Guinean Sign Language
  • English


7,059,653 people (second most populated state in Oceania)
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The culture of Papua New Guinea is many-sided and complex. It is estimated that more than 7000 different cultural groups exist in Papua New Guinea, and most groups have their own language. Because of this diversity, in which they take pride, many different styles of cultural expression have emerged; each group has created its own expressive forms in art, dance, weaponry, costumes, singing, music, architecture and much more.

People typically live in villages or dispersed hamlets which rely on the subsistence of farming of yams and taro.


The Papua New Guinea holiday and festival calendar is taken up with cultural events.

  1. Mt Hagen Show

First held in the 1950´s, takes place every July at the Kagamuga Show Grounds.

2. Tumbuan Mask Festival

First beginning in 1995, puts the ever-impressive mask making culture of PNG into the spotlight. Rabaul, the largest city´s island hosts the festival for three days each July.

3. Crocodile Festival

Held in the East Sepik region, this festival celebrates the significance of cocodriles. Takes place over two days in August.

4. Enga Cultural Show

Visitors get insight into local culture through dance performances, music, arts and crafts workshop and ritual performances.

5. Hiri Moale Festival

Used to commemorate the traditional trading routes between several south-west villages. Music, canoe racing, dances and arts take place in September.


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Nearly 85% of the island is covered with rain forest. It contains many vegetation and many bird species. The middle part of the island emerges into a broad ridge of mountains called the Highlands. The coast line liberally unriched with amazing coral reefs. Most of its islands are volcanic, with dramatic mountain ranges, and all are relatively undeveloped.
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Traditional Food

Chicken pot: Chicken that has been simmered with mixed vegetables.

Mumu: Pork is roasted in a traditional oven with sweet potatoes.

Kokoda Fish: Fish cooked with a lime coconut sauce.

Kaukau:Baked sweet potato.

Things to Do

  • Visit the Kokoda Trail in the fast waters.
  • Port Moresby Nature Park to see the many types of birds.
  • Visit Mount Hagen Market to be part of the cultural rituals with dancing and music.

Important Cities

  1. Port Moresby (National Capital)
  2. Lae (Morobe)
  3. Arawa
  4. Mount Hagen ( Western Highlands)
  5. Goroka ( Eastern Highlands)
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Native Groups

Papua New Guinea has more than 1,000 different ethnic groups. Indigenous Papua New Guineans vary considerably in ethnic origins, physical appearance, and spoken languages. The indigenous people are Melanesians. They are usually classified by language group, with Papuansrepresenting the descendants of the original Australoid migration and Austronesian speakers descended from later migrants. The former are generally found in the highlands and the latter in coastal areas and on the islands other than New Guinea. Other groups with significant populations include Negritos, Micronesians, and Polynesians.
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