Matter & Changes

By: Paul Treible, Page 4

The four properties used to describe matter

Intensive: Depends on the type of matter, not the amount present. Ex: Hardness and density.

Extensive: Depends on the amount of matter in the sample. Ex: Mass and volume.

Physical: Traits that can be observed of the actual matter. Ex: Color and hardness.

Chemical: Reactive traits of matter. Ex: combustibility and reactiveness.

The states of matter

Solid- Has a definite shape and volume and it will not compress.

Liquid-Has a definite volume but a indefinite shape and it will compress.

Gas-Does not have a definite shape or volume but will compress.

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