Civil Rights movement

Emily Nicholson

Introduction

In this flier I will be discussing the question many people wonder about, and that is, To what degree as the Civil Rights Movement contributed to making the United Sates a more equal and just society? The Civil Rights Movement was a movement in the 1950's and 60's where Citizens, primarily Black's, fought for their freedom In a society where it was nearly impossible to live in unity. This movement, although not completely ending segregation, helped to improve the lives of Black Citizens by integrating public places and leaving a lasting impression on the united states. The people who were courageous enough to stand up for what they believed in in a time where they couldn't even drink out of the same drinking fountain as a white citizen are the heroes that saved America and gave their lives to create a more equal and just society.

I believe that the Civil Rights Movement has helped to create a more equal and just society by showing that everyone is human and when you don't treat humans like humans, they will stand up for what is right. Although the ancient ideas of segregation still may be apparent today, our society is much better at accepting people no matter the color of their Skin. The Civil Rights Movement has shown our society what it means to have a sense of community and unity, and that to me is powerful. The people who stuck together and fought against a separated society are the people that helped to unify it, and that is why the United States is more equal and just.

Movement Tactics

During the Civil Right Movement Many different tactics were used to move forward and create a more equal society. The tactics used, mostly, depended upon the leader, or organization of the specific movement.

One of the more popular tactics used by Martin Luther King Jr. was the non-violent protest. Martin Luther King Jr. based this method off of Gandhi's idea of civil disobedience. The nonviolent protests included sit-ins, marches, and boycotts. The most popular nonviolent protest is the Montgomery bus boycott. What sparked the one year boycott was the arrest of Rosa Parks. Over 17,000 people took part in the boycott to end segregation on public transportation. Sit ins, another nonviolent protest, includes sitting somewhere until a change is made.

Violent protests were also used as a method to end segregation. During a violent protest there would often be injuries or killings; however, this could also happen during a nonviolent protest. An example of a violent protest that took place during the Civil rights Movement is when the Freedom Riders rode the buses into the south and sabotaged the buses by lighting them on fire, popping the tires, and bashing the windows, etc..

No matter the strategies used in the Civil Rights Movement, they all made progress and had an impact on the equality of the United States today. Often times when protests took place there was violence which is very tragic, but the brave people that fought for their freedom are the people who made it possible for out country to be more equal today.

Profile of an Unsung Hero

William Lewis Moore was a white Postal man and member of CORE who fought for racial equality. He was known for being outspoken and strongly opinionated. His main point was that the only way to make a change is to act on your beliefs, which is exactly what he did. One day when waiting in line at a whites only movie theater with a group of colored teens, William willingly went to jail because if the colored teens had to go to jail for the color of their skin he should too. No one was surprised that he did this. When he decided to participate in a One-man march to Jackson, Miss. from Chattanooga, Tenn. to deliver a letter to the Governor urging him to accept integration, he was shot and killed while resting along side the road.
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The picture below is of Paul Guihard, a whit man that worked as a reporter for a French news service. Guihard was assigned to cover the story of James Meredith's enrollment in the University of Mississippi, who was to be the first African American to attend the school. After landing in Mississippi Paul and a fellow journalist drove to the university to cover the riots that were taking place. The two decided to split up to refrain from being identified as journalists. The two never reunited. Paul was shot and killed during the riot. The shooter remains unknown.
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Groups

SNCC

SNCC was one of the key organizations in the fight for freedom during the Civil Rights Movement. SNCC stands for Student National Coordinating Committee. This group focused on nonviolent ways of protest, as did many other groups during this time, however these acts of nonviolence only led to greater violence from others. SNCC gained much popularity from participating in sit-ins. This group supported, and worked with many of the other groups of the time. One of the most significant goals of the SNCC was to enforce African Americans to vote, the outcome of this showed great improvement in the equality of African American rights.

CORE

CORE stands for Congress of Racial Equality. This group was on of the most noted out of the groups invovled in the civil right movement and was noted as one of the "Big Four" Civil Rights Organizations. CORE worked with other groups of the time, working together towards racial equality. CORE focused on a number of things including, desegregation of public transportation, and summer voting programs. The group started out by taking a nonviolent approach but eventually turned their focus towards a political standpoint.