Religions

By; JOSE MEJIA

Christianity

Beliefs

  • The belief of Christianity religion is that there is one God.
  • That God has a son named Jesus that was sent to protect the people.
  • He was the savior of all the people and died for the people.

Rituals

  • Some rituals that Christians have is going to church ever Sunday. Some churches have masses other days.
  • Praying before eating or praying on a daily basis is another ritual in the Christian religion.

Monotheistic or Polytheistic

  • Christianity is monotheistic because they believe in one God. Some Christians believe its polytheistic because of Trinity.

Name of the God

  • The name of the god is God. God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit and is one God. The Son became flesh Lord Jesus to overcome temptation, sin and death as a man under law for those who will accept the atonement.

Holy book

  • The holy book in the Christian religion is called the Bible.

Holidays


  • Some Christian holidays are Easter Day, Christmas, and Holy week.


History of the religion

Christianity is based on God creating the earth and he created everything we have around us. When he decided that he needed something more, he made a man named adam. Adam was lonely so God made eve from one of adams ribs then they lived in the garden of eden. they sinned and lied to God. he got mad at them and banished them from the garden and he cursed them and the world was full of people who just kept doing wrong. Then God sent Jesus who took on all the sins that we commited.


Video:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ut-UOhY0s8E

Judaism


Beliefs
  • They believe that messiah is coming back to get them similar like Christianity but Christians believe in Jesus.


Rituals



  • Jewish men are obligated to pray 3 times a day -morning, afternoon and night.
  • Jewish women only have to pray in the morning.


Monotheistic or Polytheistic



  • Judaism is monotheistic because they believe in one God.
  • They don't believe in other saints, there's just one God.


Name of the god



  • He's called G-d.
  • There are other names for G-d, Elohim and Adonai are the most commonly used.


Holy book


  • The holiest book in Judaism is the Torah which is the first five books of the Hebrew bible
  • The Hebrew bible has 5 separate books.


Holidays


  • The holidays are Rosh Hashanah/Yom Kippur, Passover, and Hanukkah, andPurim, though.
  • The most known holiday for the Jews is Hanukkah.



History of the Jewish religion:

Judaism traces its history back to the creation of mankind, but the explicitly Jewish historical origins begin with Abraham and the Hebrews. For a time the Hebrews lived in Egypt, then returned to Canaan.The ancient Hebrew people farmers, organized into tribes and living in Mesopotamia. Judaism is similar to Christianity but with Abraham and hebrews.


Video-

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=KzCoWo2eYGA


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Hinduism

Beliefs



  • Hindus believe that the universe undergoes endless cycles of creation, preservation and dissolution.
  • It's a cycle of people dying and being born again.
  • Hindus believe in karma, the law of cause and effect by which each individual creates his own destiny by his thoughts or words.

Rituals



  • Hindu rituals has lot of singing and dancing involved.
  • Its a way of paying tribute to god.


Holidays


  • Dwarka and Somnath at Gujarat .
  • Dharmik and poranik stal of India .

Monotheistic or polytheistic



  • Hinduism is polytheistic, it believes in existence of many gods, totaling 330 million gods in all

Name of the God



  • The main God is Brahma.
  • He is considered to be the creator of everything

Holy book



  • In Hinduism there is no exact holy book
  • there is one particular scripture considered holy by all sections of Hindus and that is the Vedas.



Brief history-

In the Hindu religion, they believe in caste systems and you have to maintain the order in the universe by marrying and living and working in your caste. in doing so you accumulate good karma. when you've accumulated anough good karma you will never be born again and you will be free of the human condition of suffering.


Video-

http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=353



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Buddhism

Beliefs


  • There is no suffering
  • Nothing is permanent, everything is in a constant state of change
  • Attaching yourself to something impermanent will cause suffering as you lose that which has changed
  • Suffering may be ceased by following the Eightfold Path

Rituals

  • Meditate show compassion for others
  • avoid extremes
  • abandon concepts and your ego.

Holidays

  • Vesak, or Visakha Puja, is a major Buddhist holiday observing the historical Buddha's birth, enlightenment and death

Monotheistic or polytheistic

  • It is neither monotheistic or polytheistic because Buddha's teaching are as under where nothing is mentioned above God.

Holy book

  • The sacred book of Buddhism is called the Tipitaka.

The name of the God

  • Buddhism is a religion which does not have a God

Brief History-

They believe that earth is a place of suffering and we will live and loose things as we go on, and we will reincarnate until we reach nirvana, and then we can go on to our afterlives.


Video-

http://video.about.com/buddhism/What-Is-Buddhism-.htm


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Islam

Beliefs


  • Muslims believe in Allah and that he is unique, all powerful, gracious and merciful to all Muslims.
  • The Islamic faith is lived out according to five pillar that must be adhered to if one is to hope for salvation.

Rituals

  • pay charity once a year, the amount you pay depends on your wealth.
  • fast for 1 month a year and that is in the Islamic month of Ramadan/Ramzan, we fast from sun rise to sun set.
  • to pray 5 times a day.
  • muslims have to perform hajj once in a life time
  • recite the Shahadah often.

Holidays

  • Ramadan
  • Ashura
  • the Islamic New Year
  • Laylat al-Maraj
  • Laylat al-Baraat
  • Laylat al-Qadr.

Monotheistic or Polytheistic

  • The Islam religion is monotheistic because they believe in Allah, and only Allah.

Name of God

  • The name of the God is Allah.
  • He is unique and powerful.

Holy book



  • The holy book of Islam is called the Quran.

Brief History-

well Muslims call god Allah and he is the creater if all things and Jesus is his prophet just like muhammad mosus and etc. They also belive that Satan is responsable for all the evil things that are happening. The Quran also preaches against violence,racism,alcohol,drugs,swine,porn and terrorism.also in the Muslim religion only Allah says who is going to hell or not.


Video-

http://m.youtube.com/watch?v=-a9xSlBUicI


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