$1.09 per message in 1867

Samuel F. B. Morse

Samuel F. B. Morse (1791-1872) perfected the previous attempts at the usage of magnetics to transfer a message from one place to another quickly. While teaching Arts and Design at New York University in 1835, Morse proved that messages could be send throught wires by using signals. These codes were sent using pulses of a current that would deflect electormagnetics that would leave the message. This became Morse Code. A public demonstration was given in 1838, however Congress waited 5 years to fund the project to construct telegraph lines. A project costing $30,000 for 40 miles of line. The message "What hath God wrought?" was the first message to be sent in Morse Code on May 24, 1844.

Usage of the Telegraph

The use of telegraphs spread along railway lines and in 1861 the first transcontinental telegraph line was built. Morse Code operators could transmit up to 50 words per minute and in 1900 Fredick Creed invented a way to convert Morse Code to text. Telegraphs greatly improved the speed at which news could be delivered over long distance. In the past mail would have to be taken by trains to other cities when now messages could be recieved much faster. This invention then led to the invention of the telephone.

Businesses and the government greatly thrived on the telegraph because of the speed of the message but it was also a way for family members to reach eachother quickly if need be.

"The...telegraph is like a very long cat. You pull the tail in New York, and it meows in Los Angeles." -Albert Einstein

The Telegraph!

Magnetic Telegraph Company