Surgery & Medical Innovations
Amputations and Other Medical Advancements
Surgeries were often performed outside or where ever a location was available.
Medical Advancedments During the War
Battlefield surgeons only took on average 6 minutes to complete an amputation, and skilled Union soldiers only lost approximately 25% of their patients.
A confederate doctor invented a new way to administer chloroform (anesthesia) to patients by having it inhaled through a series of tubes; it used only 1/8 of an ounce compared to the old 2 ounce dosage. This allowed the south to treat as many wounded soldiers as the north, but only used a fraction of the supplies.
Now considered the father of modern surgery, Gurdan Buck completed 32 revolutionary surgical reconstructions on disfigured Union soldiers.
During the civil war a system was created to transport wounded soldiers by "ambulance" wagons to a place where they could receive medical care. This method is very similar to the ambulance-to-ER system that we still use today.
A new way to treat chest wounds as invented by using metal sutures to close the wound to create an airtight seal, this innovation became a standard treatment and survival rates quadrupled .
Anesthesia (chloroform) was used during amputations and other surgeries .
Amputation kits were used often and typically not properly sterilized.
Red Cross Ambulance Wagons
An ambulance to ER system that we use today was created during the civil war.
Amputations were among the most common procedures done during the civil war