Type 1 Diabetes

Mrs. Rowe's PBS class, HR. 5

Causes of Type 1 diabetes

Though many people think diabetes is caused by eating too much sugar, the exact cause of this chronic disease is actually unknown.
In most people with Type 1 diabetes, the bodies own immune system, which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses, mistakenly destroys the insulin producing Islet cells (Beta cells) in the pancreas.
Even though this disease is not caused by a rapid intake of sugary, cellophane wrapped treats, it can be triggered by certain other environmental factors, such as viruses.

The roll of insulin

Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to allow the sugar in the blood stream into the cells. Insulin helps the body maintain homeostasis of Blood glucose. If the levels of blood glucose are too high, the pancreas releases insulin into the blood stream, allowing the transfer of glucose into the cells.