In sport, Exercise and Health
London 2012 First Olympics Where Women Competed In Every Competition, Are Men and Women Now Equal?
The Olympic Games in London 2012 was the first Olympics in its history that women competed in all the events that men did. Before the London 2012, Great Britain campaigned tirelessly to make sport availible for everyone, trying to get more people to get involved in sport. By the age of 14, girls are dropping out of sport twice as fast as boys are. In the run up to the Olympics, we’ve seen female Olympians such as Victoria Pendleton celebrated and featured in magazines, adverts and on television which will go a long way in encouraging our youngsters to get involved. But will this coverage continue after the Games? In general women’s sports make up only 5% of all sports coverage meaning it’s doubtful young women will come across an image of a ripped and toned female athlete over a photograph of a continually dieting celeb once the Olympics have passed. Without coverage and positive female role models, it’s unlikely that women in their formative years will chose to break away from what is now perceived as ‘the norm’.
THE REASONS WHY?
Physiological difference between men and women
There are physiological reasons why Men and Women are different, many accept the men are built differently to women which means the men are able to lift more and run faster. A study in the U.S.A shows these differences become evident in the specific responses or magnitude of response to various training regimens. Very little difference is seen in the response to different modes of progressive resistance strength training. Men and women experience similar relative strength gains when training under the same programme. The evidence on body composition changes that occur with strength training is equivocal at this point. Researchers, however, suggest that there appears to be less muscle hypertrophy with strength improvement in women when compared to men. The data suggest that there are no differences between genders in central or peripheral cardiovascular adaptations to aerobic training. However, women in general have a reduced O2 carrying capacity.