Geography of Canada

  • —Canada is the second largest country in the world (space wise, not population)
  • —It is slightly smaller than all of Europe which is made up of 45 countries.

  • Canada is 4,800 kilometres from north to south and 5,000 kilometres from west to east.
  • —It only borders 1 country, the United States.

  • —90% of Canada is too cold for agriculture to take place.
  • —It’s a great big, cold country that’s all by itself.

  • —These 3 facts: size, northern location, and isolation influence it’s physical geography.

  • —Physical Geography includes : Landforms, soils, surface waters, climate and vegetation.

  • ——The landscape of Canada was also affected by glaciation and was under a thick sheet of ice called a glacier.

  • —Almost all of Canada was under ice a sometime during the last 1.5 million years. Now only 1% is under ice.

Canada consists of 6 major regions that make up its economic practices. These include:

  1. Western Cordillera
  2. Prairie Plains
  3. Canadian Shield
  4. Arctic North
  5. St. Lawrence Lowlands
  6. Atlantic Region

1. Western Cordillera

  • —The Western Cordillera runs along the west coast of North America. The Rocky Mountains are the eastern boundary, but in the US, the Western Cordillera runs into the interior of the continent. This region is made up of new rugged mountains.
  • —Major provinces include British Columbia and Yukon Territory.

  • —The west coast has a maritime climate. The region is a major source of lead, zinc, copper, and gold. Therefore, the economies in the Western Cordillera are based on logging, mining, and tourism.