THE ROARING 20'S

Chapters 7-8 by: Eve Scurto

Red Scare

fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism was known as the first red scare

Palmer Raids

series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists

Nativism

the idea that native born people were better or higher than others

Eugenics

is a set of beliefs and practices which aims at improving the genetic quality of the human population

Ku Klux Klan

Members who terrorized immigrants because they didn't want them to be there. Members would have to pay a fee to join the club.

Fundamentalism

form of a religion, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.

Prohibition

the act of forbidding something and making it illegal. In the 20's they prohibited the selling of alcohol

Speakeasy

Secret nightclubs/bars that were created so they could still sell alcohol. They were a secret so that's why they were called speakeasy's.

Flappers

working class women who cut their hair short and went to lots of parties and wore makeup

Surrealism

dream like art that was mostly imaginative and came from the artist's imagination

Cubism

looking at something from different directions and drawing a new piece each time you change perspective

Art Deco

art based off of building structures or homes etc

Les Fauves

emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by impressionism

Model T

The first affordable car produced by an assembly line. This allowed people to live in rural areas rather than big crowded cities

Harlem Renaissance

name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s

Back to Africa Movement

also known as the Colonization movement or Black Zionism, originated in the United States in the 19th century. It encouraged those of African descent to return to the African homelands of their ancestors.

NAACP

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States

Jazz

Jazz music influenced all aspects of society. Jazz poetry, fashion, and industry were effected by the "basement" music that took the United States by storm. Jazz music also exacerbated the racial tensions in the post war period

Installment Plans

an arrangement for payment by installments. This allowed more people to get more expensive items and pay it off over time

18th Amendment

The 18th amendment prohibited the selling and drinking of alcohol

19th Amendment

the 19th amendment granted women the right to vote or aka ended women's suffrage

21st Amendment

the 21st amendment ended the prohibition of alcohol and made it so you could sell and purchase it

National Origins Act

law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe

Volstead Act

allowed the enforcement of the prohibition of alcohol but many cops were bribed with beer etc.

Sacco & Vanzetti

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian-born US anarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery

Scopes Trial

There a jury was to decide the fate of John scopes, a high school biology teacher charged with illegally teaching the theory of evolution. The guilt or innocence of John Scopes

Al Capone

an American gangster who attained fame during the Prohibition era as the co-founder and boss of the Chicago Outfit

Warren Harding

Harding’s presidency was overshadowed by the criminal activities of some of his cabinet members and other government officials, although he himself was not involved in any wrongdoing.

Calvin Coolidge

John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the 30th President of the United States. A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor

Marcus Garvey

Jamaican political leader, publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, and orator. He led the "back to Africa Movement"

Zora Neale Hurston

American folklorist, anthropologist, and author. Of Hurston's four novels and more than 50 published short stories, plays, and essays, she is best known for her 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God.

Langston Hughes

American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist from Joplin, Missouri. He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry

Louis Armstrong

American jazz trumpeter, composer and singer who was one of the pivotal and most influential figures in jazz music

Duke Ellington

American composer, pianist and bandleader of jazz orchestras. He led his orchestra from 1923 until his death, his career spanning over 50 years