Period 3 1754-1800

Corrie McCoy January 2016

Pontiac's Rebellion

In 1763 after the French and Indian War chief Pontiac led a major attack on the British colonies when colonists moved onto their land, after this rebellion Britain imposed the proclamation of 1763 in hopes of stopping future conflict with Native Americans.

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Intolerable Acts

In early 1774 after the Boston Tea Party, Britain imposed the coercive acts which the colonists called the intolerable acts.

The intolerable acts

  • closed Boston port
  • reduced the power of the Massachusetts legislature
  • allowed for royal officials charged with a crime to be tried in Britain
  • expanded the quartering act in all colonies
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This cartoon shows the american colonies being surrounded by the British, squeezing money and supplies from the colonists as well as making a boundary so the colonists don't go beyond the mountains.

Treaty of Paris (1783)

2 years after the battle at Yorktown, delegates from both sides of the war met in Paris, France to discuss a treaty.

The Treaty of Paris provided

  • Britain would recognize the US as an independent nation
  • The Mississippi river would be the western boundary for the US
  • Americans would have fishing rights off the coast of Canada
  • Americans would pay debts owed to British merchants and honor loyalist claims for property taken during the war.
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The Constitutional Convention

Held in Philadelphia in 1787, this convention was to revise the articles of confederation after seeing how ineffective it was. Delegates from every state but Rhode Island met, elected George Washington as the chairperson and then began the revision.

  • Major arguments included representation in government, which was solved by the great compromise,
  • slaves representation to total population which was solved by the three-fifths compromise
  • trade, solved by congress gaining the right to regulate interstate trade and foreign commerce, as well as the right to tax
  • The presidency, decided the president gets four years per term with no term limit, and would be elected by the electoral college system

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The Revolution of 1800

The election of 1800 was seen as a peaceful revolution since the balance of power shifted from the federalist party under Adams to the Democratic-Republican party under Jefferson.
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Who Won the American Revolution?: Crash Course US History #7
POL-3: Our constitution was built on a series of compromises because of conflicting views of the government's role socially and economically.

WOR-1: After Pontiac's rebellion Britain decided to impose a boundary line to prevent future conflict with the Native Americans.