Religion Project

By Carissa Stone

Buddism

Around 528 B.C. Another new religion (Buddism) arose in India, started by Siddhartha Gautama. Siddhartha, had sat down after some time under a tree, then after 49 days he had his answer. Then he became known as Buddha, which means "Enlightened One". They have a holy book by the name of Tripitaka (Pali Canon). It is written in ancient Indian language called Pali, which was very close to what Buddha spoke himself. After Buddha's beliefs began, they spreaded internationally from India to Ceylon, Burma, Nepal, Tibet, Central Asia, China, and Japna are just some of the regions the Middle Path was widley accepted. In Buddishm there are four main beliefs the people use almost everyday. 1. Reincarnation- Reincarnation is when one life is born into the next, based upon Karma, Dharma, and the 4 Noble Truths will decide what you will be reborn as. 2. Karma- Karma is, kinda like the butterfly affect, your actions and thinking will either have a good or bad outcome based on what you think, do, or say. Karma is also a Sanskirt term meaning "action" Karma will also affect what you will be reborn as. 3. Dharma- Dharma is the teachings of Buddhism, a philosophy. The Four Noble Truths- The For Noble Truths are basically the ways of Buddishm they tell you the truths of many things. They are the truths of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, the truth of the path that leads to the ends of suffering. Buddist practice many things such as non violence, meditation,equality, and the Eightfold Path. The Eightfold Path consist of controlling your thoughts, resisting evil, freeing your mind from evil, working for the good of others, respecting life, practicing meditation, saying nothing to hurt others, and knowing the truths. The Buddhists code of conduct is based upon the Five Precepts:
  • The First Precept: I vow to support all living creatures, and refrain from killing.
  • The Second Precept: I vow to respect the property of others, and refrain from stealing.
  • The Third Precept: I vow to regard all beings with respect and dignity, and refrain from objectifying others.
  • The Fourth Precept: I vow to be truthful, and refrain from lying.
  • The Fifth Precept: I vow to maintain a clear mind and refrain from harming myself or others with intoxication.

The final resting place for Buddishts is known as Nirvana (also the name of a very good rock band), they say it's the perfect place for peace and happiness. In Buddihsm Nirvana is the highest state someone can attain. Buddihsm affects the daily lives of its followers by showing them a different way of living life, and teaching them valuable lesson, making everything safe and peaceful for them. Buddishm is a training of art everyday, giving people a simple life to live making it easy for them.

Hinduism

Hinduism was founded by the Arayns in 1500 B.C. There where believed to be many gods to the Hindus this is known as polytheism. There sacred book was called Bhagavad Gita. This book contained scared text describing the Vades, Upanishads, Samhitas, Bhagavad Gita, and Ramayana. Hinduism originated in Northern India, and spreaded to Bangladesh, Indonesia, and Nepal. Reincarnation is a belief that each living soul or person will move, into another human or living creature, based upon how they lived there first life. Karma is an concenquence, that will come to you based upon a good or bad action, thought, or word spoken. Dharma is a set of rules, that a Hindu must follow every day in order to reach Moksha. Hindus code of conduct follows these rules and practices, truthfulness, nonstealing, divine conduct, patiences, compassion, honesty, and purity. In Hinduism, their final resting place is known as Moksha the highest ranking, of the caste system. The effect of Hinduism in our life is heavy. It definitely makes us believe in Karma, thus this will make us think twice before committing any act that is bad. It also teaches us to respect one another and every living soul and to be pure, but also affects them in a bad way be keeping one another apart because of being in a different caste.

Confucianism

There was a man by the name Confucius he was a philosopher. He was a philosopher who started Confucianism. Confucianism had a lot of sacred books but their main one was the book of rites. Confucianism started in ancient China. Confucianism spread it all over China and their neighboring countries Vietnam and Korea, in more forcibly in Japan. In Confucianism one of their beliefs is how your relationship should be for example

* father to son

* husband to wife

* ruler to subject

*. Older brother two younger brother

* Friends of run

* elder too young

Second is the Yin and Yang theory. Yin and Yang represent symbols of light and dark in that light cannot go on without the balance of good and bad. And then there's Taoism which is a Chinese philosophy based on the writing of Lao-Tzu advocating humility and religious piety. The code of conduct a in Confucianism is filial piety. Filial piety is were in a family that her parents rule. They set examples for their children follow. Also children are taught to be respectful to their elderly. What they are taught at home is applied to interactions with others in the society. The mandate of heaven is an ancient Chinese believe and granted emperors the right to rule, and is the final resting place. Confucianism affects its followers by putting a great emphasis on family. Comparing family unit to a government. Also to discuss the five relationships. Confucianism also believe that of society could follow the five relationships there would be peace and stability.

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Judaism

The main founder of Judasim is, Moses. But Jews can trace there history as far back as Abraham. The Torah is the first part of the Jewish bible making it there holy book. Judasim started in ancient Isreal, but did not spread to many areas. Jews believed in ONE God (monotheism), they also had a binding agreement with that one God.

Christianity

Well the known founder of Christianity is Jesus Christ but after Jesus death a man by the name of Paul claimed to have a vision of Jesus, thus making Paul become Christian and spread Christianity. The holy book that Christians used daily was known as the holy bible. Christianity had originated in Judea and spread to "all nations" except some didn't take Christianity as a there religion. Some of Christians believe some practices is praying fasting festivals touches Christmas and Easter and also sacraments. They also practice the believes of monotheism in which is the belief in one God. The code of conduct Christian is also known as the 10 Commandments. The final resting place to Christians is known as heaven, heaven is a place regarding various religions were the deceased those after death.

How did it affect its followers?

Christianity affected every day life by giving many people rights (ten Commandments) even women. It also affected every day life by making laws that require justice among all people, laws that provided for the feeding of the poorly, Christian entity is also the bases for owning property.

Islam

The founder of Islam was the prophet Muhammad who was born in A.D. 570 at Mecca, in Saudi Arabia. The holy book of Islam is known as the Qur'an, over 23 years is revealed the stages to the prophet Muhammad. Islam originated in Mecca and Medina at the start of the 7th centutry. Islam spread from Mecca to Medina and then through Central Asia, North Africa, Spain, and parts of the old Byzantine and Persian Empires. Beliefs are very important in Islam. Beliefs about God, the universe, and humanity. Like Judasim and Christianity Islam teaches that there is only one God (monotheistic) and that God goes by the name Allah. Islam has beliefs on human nature, life and salvation, and things about the afterlife. Some Islamic practices are the five pillars, which are the five religious duties expected of every Muslim. One of the five is confession of faith, then ritual prayer where you must pray (facing southeast) and is preformed five times a day. There's Ramadan where you fast during one month every year. Also there's Alms tax which is a central activity in Islam. And last there's pilgrimage to Mecca. The code of conduct in Islam is forgiving spirit, respect for family, and responsibility.