Each type of Mining and fracking

Pictures and the effect on the environment

mining (surface)

The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations. The environmental effects of surface mining include

  • Habitat destruction

  • Soil erosion

  • Air pollution from dust particulates

  • Pollution (especially from sediments)

All surface mining techniques negatively affect the environment, though some methods are more damaging than others

subsurface

Subsurface Mining and its Environmental Impacts
Environmental Impacts
- Acid drainage from the equipment
- Toxic water end up in groundwater.
- Abandoned mining sites can continue polluting groundwater after the mining has ceased.
-Water must be pumped out of the mine during the mining process. After the mine is abandoned, the pumping stops, and the water floods the mine.
-The toxic water that flows out can find its way to streams and rivers, this changes the pH levels and harms the wildlife found there.