Aztec Farming Methods
Inca Farming Methods
- Chaki Taklla - a human powered foot plough that consists of a wooden pole with a curved sharp point, often made of stone or metal. Across the end of this pole ran another wooden crossbar, on which the farmer could put his foot to sink it into the earth and produce a furrow. This tool is still used in the Andes for plowing, sowing, and building.
- Rawk'ana, a hoe with a thin sheet of wood of chachakuma, no higher than 40 cm. It was used to harvest tubers to remove weeds and to sow small seeds.
Mayan Farming Methods
The Mayan culture flourished and continues to exist in a region of Mexico and Central America often referred to as Mesoamerican. For the Mayans, art was produced for religious ceremonies. Religious beliefs led to the development of the calendar and to advances in mathematics and astronomy. Mesoamerican's tropical climate long ago rotted Mayan art made of wood, bark, feather and gourds. Only pottery, sculpture, jade work and steles (carved stone slabs) have survived
The Inca Empire or the Inka Empire was the largest Empire in pre-Columbian America. The Inca referred to their empire as Tawantinsuyu and in Quechua, the term twantin is a group of four things. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early 13th century, and the last Inca stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572.
- Trephination (a type of surgery where they removed bone fragments that were pressing against the brain.)
- invented a new and richer/more intense red dye (which was rare and difficult to produce)
- Developed rubber products
- Solar calender