New Museum!

Gabby Correia

Chinese Inventions:

Seismoscope

The seismoscope helped because it was used to record the occurrence of earthquakes so that not as many people would get hurt.

Watermill

The watermill was invented in China during the Han Dynasty in order to grind grain as well as to power piston bellows of a blast furnace in forging cast iron. It helped because it used the energy from a fast river to grind grain faster to sell and trade.

Tea

The Chinese used the tea as medicine but later used it as a popular drink and item to trade. Legend has it that the first cup of tea was brewed in 2737 B.C. when dried leaves landed in a boiling cup of water served to the Chinese Emperor, Shen Nung. From China, the idea of "tea" spread throughout the world.

Aztec Farming Methods

The Aztec people had a few challenges when it came to farming. For example, one challenge they faced was that different crops deplete the soil of certain nutrients, so if a specific crop is planted in the same field year after year, it won't grow as well. To solve this problem, Aztec farmers planted crops together or rotated crops to help keep nutrients in the soil, and give them the opportunity to regenerate.

Inca Farming Methods

Inca farmers did not have domesticated animals suitable for agricultural work so they relied on manual tools. These were well adapted to the hilly terrain of the Andes and to the limited area platforms on which they farmed. Some of the tools they used were:


  • Chaki Taklla - a human powered foot plough that consists of a wooden pole with a curved sharp point, often made of stone or metal. Across the end of this pole ran another wooden crossbar, on which the farmer could put his foot to sink it into the earth and produce a furrow. This tool is still used in the Andes for plowing, sowing, and building.
  • Rawk'ana, a hoe with a thin sheet of wood of chachakuma, no higher than 40 cm. It was used to harvest tubers to remove weeds and to sow small seeds.

Mayan Farming Methods

The Mayan people used a variety of techniques to grow their crops. In the rain forest, they used slash and burn agriculture. In the highlands, they increased the land available for farming by building terraces. In drier areas, they dug irrigation canals that carried water from streams and rivers to their fields. Some Mayan farmers still use these techniques today.

Aztec

The Aztec lived in the swampy region of the valley of Mexico. They had to adapt to their land by building chinampas. Religion was very important to the Aztecs and they believed in about 1,000 gods. Also, the Aztecs used warrior skills to conquer city - states and their empire grew. War was very sacred to them.

Mayan

The Mayan culture flourished and continues to exist in a region of Mexico and Central America often referred to as Mesoamerican. For the Mayans, art was produced for religious ceremonies. Religious beliefs led to the development of the calendar and to advances in mathematics and astronomy. Mesoamerican's tropical climate long ago rotted Mayan art made of wood, bark, feather and gourds. Only pottery, sculpture, jade work and steles (carved stone slabs) have survived

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Inca


The Inca Empire or the Inka Empire was the largest Empire in pre-Columbian America. The Inca referred to their empire as Tawantinsuyu and in Quechua, the term twantin is a group of four things. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco in modern-day Peru. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in the early 13th century, and the last Inca stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572.

Mesoamerican Inventions

  • Trephination (a type of surgery where they removed bone fragments that were pressing against the brain.)
  • invented a new and richer/more intense red dye (which was rare and difficult to produce)
  • Developed rubber products
  • Solar calender
  • Poetry