Four Agents of Socialization

by - Breena Griffin

The Family


This is the most important agent of socialization in almost every society. The primary importance rests in the role as the principal socializer of young children. Children's families are who they first interact with and learn the values, norms, and beliefs of society.

The Peer Group


The peer group is most influential during the pre-teenage and early teenage years. Young people thrive for the acceptance of others. Without acceptance they are labeled as misfits, outsider, etc.

The School


For most children school takes a lot of time and attention. From the age of 5 to the age of 18, children will spend up to 30 weeks a year in school. Most of this socialization is deliberate. Class activities are planned for deliberate purposes such as teaching, writing, reading, etc.

The Mass Media


The mass media involve no face to face interaction. Television has the most influence on children out of the thousands there are. 98% of United States home have at least two TV's inside their home. Children will watch, on average, 28 hours per week.