By: Julia Bailey

Facts About Mercury:

  • Mercury Lies closer to the Sun than any other planet
  • Mercury has a Diameter of 3,031 Miles
  • Mercury is apart of the inner planets
  • Mercury is 36 miles from the Sun
  • Mercury is the smallest planet
  • Mercury takes 59 days for one complete rotation
  • MESSENGER ran out of fuel in April 2015 & crashed into Mercury
  • Mercury Lies Inside of Earths orbit
  • Mercury is 800 Degrees During the Day

The Mercury Flights:

Mercury Flight: 1
Mission Name: Mercury-Redstone 3
Astronaut: Alan Shepard
Capsule: Freedom 7

Mercury Flight: 2
Mission Name: Mercury-Redstone 4
Astronaut: Gus Grissom
Capsule: Liberty Bell 7

Mercury Flight: 3
Mission Name: Mercury-Atlas 6
Astronaut: John Glenn
Capsule: Friendship 7

Mercury Flight: 4
Mission Name: Mercury-Atlas 7
Astronaut: Scott Carpenter
Capsule: Aurora 7

Mercury Flight: 5
Mission Name: Mercury-Atlas 8
Astronaut: Wally Schirra
Capsule: Sigma 7

Mercury Flight: 6
Mission Name: Mercury-Atlas 9
Astronaut: Gordon Cooper
Capsule: Faith 7


  • Mercury was known since at least Sumerian times roughly 5,000 years ago, where it was often associated with Nabu, the god of writing
  • Mercury is one of a handful that can be viewed without the aid of a telescope
  • With a mean radius of 2440 km and a mass of 3378.1506 kg, Mercury is the smallest planet in our Solar System
  • Mercury is in size to 0.38 Earths. And while it is smaller than the largest natural satellites in our system it is more massive. In fact, Mercury’s density is the second highest in the Solar System, only slightly less than Earth’s
  • Mercury also has the most eccentric orbit of any planet in the Solar System
Big image

Why was Studying Mercury Important to the Space Exploration???

NASA learned a lot from Project Mercury. The agency learned how to put astronauts in orbit around Earth. It learned how people could live and work in space. It learned how to operate a spacecraft in orbit. These lessons were very important. NASA used them in later space programs.

What was the purpose of Studying Mercury???

The purpose of studying Mercury was to serch the planet that was closest to the sun to see if there were rings around it, (which there is not) if Mercury has any moons, (3 Moons) and to see if there could be any life on Mercury.

What was discovered in Mercury???

Mercury's magnetic field is "alive." Volcanic vents ring the planet's giant Caloris Basin. And Mercury has shrunk in on itself more than previously suspected.

These are just a few of the new discoveries by NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft, which flew past Mercury on January 14, 2008. A color image of the Caloris basin and adjacent regions. Orange hues just inside the Caloris basin rim mark the locations of features thought to be volcanic.

Who were the important people/animals or devices in studying Mercury???

Some devices were the MESSENGER and Mariner 10.
There were no animals that helped study Mercury.
The important people was NASA and their crew.

What Countries were involved in Studying Mercury???


What were the Important "Firsts" in studying Mercury???

When astronomers found out what Mercury was made out of when MESSENGER came back with pictures of the planet and when they found out how long it would take to get to Mercury from Earth.

What technology was involved in studying Mercury???

NASA’s MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft will impact the planet at more than 8,750 miles per hour on the side of the planet facing away from Earth. Due to the expected location, engineers will be unable to view in real time the exact location of impact.

Any important places that were used to study Mercury???


Is Mercury still important???

Yes, because if they find any way that life could live on Mercury then that would give NASA hope that other planets could have life so they keep studying and hope that they find life on Mercury.

When was Mercury discovered???

Timocharis made the first recorded observation of Mercury in 265 BC. Other early astronomers that studied Mercury include Zupus (1639), who studied the planet's orbit. Because it is so difficult to make out features on the surface of the planet from Earth, it was not until the 1960s that scientists determined the correct day length rate of the planet on its axis. This also showed that Mercury's day length and year length are the same.

How does Mercury affect us today???

Because if they find life on Mercury then they could send people up there and try to grow food but if there can not be life on Mercury then NASA is gonna go to other planets looking for life and search the differences and similarities between the planets.

What could be Next For Mercury???

Some things that could be next for Mercury are to see if there is any possible way that human life could live there or if any animals could live there. Also if humans could survive would they be able to grow food to be able to survive? Or would they have to supply their own food and water?