In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment such as needles with someone who has HIV.
Vaginal sex is the second highest-risk sexual behavior.Having multiple sex partners or having other sexually transmitted infections can increase the risk of infection through sex.
Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment (works) used to prepare injection drugs with someone who has HIV.
Today, an estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the United States. Thanks to better treatments, people with HIV are now living longer—and with a better quality of life—than ever before. If you are living with HIV.
Although there is no cure for HIV infection, there are treatment options that can help people living with HIV experience long and productive lives. CDC and other government agencies continue to work on a variety of treatment-related activities, including:
- HIV/AIDS clinical research and drug trials;
- vaccine research;
- development of treatment guidelines and best practices; and
- creating and implementing treatment-related prevention strategies that can help stop new infections.