Life in Middle Ages
By: Katarina Mae Weber
This type of term was originated in the feudal system in the middle ages.The lords of each manor would give away land to an individual. They were highly respected and controlled everything that would happen on the manor. Everyone in the manor would need permission to do things like marry and leave the manor. Lords were almost always male.
Most of her time was spent making sure the manor was kept running smoothly. If her lord was gone she would run the manor herself. Her word was quite literally law if her husband was absent. She was also respected as an authority figure. She had no choice to marry her husband. At the age of twelve- fourteen she would enter society. She received her education in an upper class convent.
Vassals held land called a fief which was given to them by a lord. The vassal was usually a knight or baron but could also be a member of the clergy or trusted nobility. These people were loyal to their lord and was second in command. They also watched over the day to day actions of the manor. Sometimes they were even asked to council one of the lords. They helped make important decisions. Vassals were respected but, not as much as lords and ladies.
Knights were the protection for the manor. In return for land knights would fight for anything a lord asked them to. The even learned how to fight with special trainers. Knightly qualities were devout, loyal, courteous, and generous. Their weapons included swords, battle axes, mace, daggers, and lances. knights were also shown much respect. Usually before knights became knights they were squires and shown little to no respect.
Squires and Pages
The squires were knights' servants. At the age of fourteen a kid became a squire and was then viewed as a man. They would help the knights in battle by holding there shields and extra weapons. In squires spare time they were training to become a knight. Sometimes squires even guarded prisoners. They also carried the knights flag when strolling into battle.
Peasants and Serfs
Because they were poor they often wore clothing made of rough wool or linen. They generally lived off the land and ate porridge, bread, vegetables, and some meats. They too lived in the lord's manor in mud house with thatched roofs. They often shared their houses with their livestock. Children were often named after a close relative or a saint. All marriages were arranged by the mothers and fathers. Religion was very important to the peasants.