Parkinson's Disease

Impairment of nerve cells in the area of the brain

What Is It?

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning the movements worsen over time. It involves the malfunction and death of vital nerve cells in the brain, called neurons. Some of fhese dying neurons produce dopamine, a chemical that sends messages to the part of the brain that controls movement and cordination.

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Causes

  • May be inherited
  • Toxins in the environment such as carbon monoxide and other pesticides
  • Stress
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Diagnosis

  • PET scan
  • CT scan
  • MRI

Treatments

  • Medications

-Parcopa

-MAO B inhibitors

-Amantadine

  • Surgical Procedures

-Deep Brain Stimulation


Symptoms

  • Slow blinking
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Drooling
  • Problems with balance and walking
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Shaking (tremors)
  • Monotone and/or quieter voice

Who's Affected?

  • Commonly affects people after age 50
  • Can affect both men and women
  • At least 1 million people in the US suffer this disease
  • About 50,000 new cases are reported annually