Industrial Revolution

By Aaryan Kothapalli

What factors enabled Britain to gain the early lead in industrialization?

Reduction on slave costs. The Britain wanted to decrease the cost price for the payment they had to give the slaves for the work they did. Another reason would be that the Britain wanted to expand trade, mercantile and economic policy. Therefore started experimenting with result in new machinery.

Summarize how inventions in the cotton industry illustrate the development of the Industrial Revolution.

The invention of the cotton gin developed the industrial revolution. The cotton gin, invented by Eli Whitney was far more efficient than the slaves handpicking as the cotton gin was far more efficient by 50 times more than how much the total amount of slaves in a farm could pick in one day. A modification by Eli Whitney and the Southern farmers later, the cotton gin was also able to pick seeds from a specific cotton known as long-staple. This resulted in the development of the Industrial Revolution in both positive and negative ways. On the positive side, cotton did improve the cotton produce and therefore the textile and other industries, which brought America to it's heights. But on the negative side, it started a Civil War. The Slaves. The slaves were increasing rapidly and working restlessly to keep up with the extraction of cotton by the cotton gin. The Northerners ended up being mad of the cruel and inhumane usage of slaves being worked in the cotton farm day and night. Therefore, whom the Northerners had enough, started the Civil War.

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How did population pressures have an impact on disease, mortality rates, migration, and living standards?

The population during the Industrial revolution was divided into three classes, the upper class, middle class and working class. The upper class had the lowest mortality rate compared to the other classes due to better housing and better way of life. They were less prone to diseases as they lived in a hygienic area. The upper class were consisted of factory owners. They had the power, authority, wealth, better working and living conditions, best lifestyle and highest lifespan. The middle class lived almost as same as the upper class. The middle class consisted of doctors and engineers. They too had lower mortality rates (but a bit higher than the upper class) and were less prone to diseases except Tuberculosis. The working class, the largest component of the population. The working class, before started working in the factories, used to work in the rural areas. The reason for their migration is for better pay, therefore a better life. The working class were the highest ones prone to diseases such as Cholera, Tuberculosis and Typhoid which were famous during the Industrialization. The Cholera wiped out 7000 people of the Britain population during 1831-1832 and 15,000 during 1848-1849. During 1800-1850, the 1/3 of the population's death was due to the disease of Tuberculosis. The living standards of the working class used to be in very tight, small and compact apartments, which is another way for the fast spread of diseases. The infants of the working class was higher than any other class because, the infants were also allowed to work in the factories. Even the women were allowed to work in the factories, which resulted in the better total pay for the whole family.

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Please explain the mechanisms that drive capitalism.

The factors that drove capitalism were the improvements of industrialization. The high class factory owners started setting up monopolies. They started to increase the demand through the reduction of prices of the produce. This resulted in more supply. This resulted in the rise of capitalism.

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Please explain the global effects of Industrialization especially in Japan and Russia. How did government officials in both countries promote Industrialization?

Russia and Japan both have had similar approaches to how they came about they're industrial revolution. In Russia, Anton Walker along with Tsarist governments promoted the construction of railroads to connect Russia with other countries and other parts within itself. The Financial minister, Witte, also was able to invest in industrial experts recently, which in the long run might play out quite well.


In Japan, leaders such as Kazuko Hitomi pressured imperial authorities to pursue industrialization. Imperial authorities eventually seceded, and have now gone full steam ahead with Industrializing Japan. Initial reports say that japan will become one of the most industrialized countries in the world.

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The Impacts of Industrial Revolution

The impact of Industrial Revolution