Cyprus

By Gayatri G and Jephina P

Facts

An island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, east of Greece. The earliest human activity is 10 millennium B.C. This country was conquered by Egyptians, Persians, and the Assyrians but then was taken over by Alexander the Great.

Prior History Between Greeks and Turks

Cyprus was the site of early Phoenician and Greek colonies. It was controlled by many different governments. The Turkish took over it in 1571, and a large Turkish colony settled on the island. In World War I, at the outbreak of incidents with Turkey, Britain annexed the island. It was declared a Crown colony in 1925. During this period, Turkish Cypriots began demanding that the island be separated between the Greek and Turkish populations.Cyprus became an independent nation on Aug. 16, 1960, after Greek and Turkish Cypriots agreed on a constitution, which excluded both the possibility of partition as well as of union with Greece. Makarios became the country's first president. Fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots increased during the early 1960s, and a UN peacekeeping force was sent to the island in 1965. On July 15, 1974, Archbishop Makarios was overthrown in a military coup led by the Cypriot National Guard. On July 20, Turkey invaded Cyprus, stating its right to protect Turkish Cypriots. Turkey gained control of northern Cyprus and displaced 180,000 Greek Cypriots. On July 22, Turkish troops were permitted to remain in the north. In Dec. 1974, Makarios again assumed the presidency. The following year, the island was separated. The Greeks in the south and the Turks in the north.

Distrust

Cyprus disputes originated through distrust in both the Greeks and Turkish. The Greeks mistrust the Turks because of the Ottoman rule, and the Turks mistrust the Greeks because of their liberation from Ottoman rule and because of Megali Idea, a dream of uniting all territories that once were Greek. The Ottoman Empire was basically an area in Europe. The Turkish repressive laws, and occasionally the Ottoman government committed massacres against the civilian population.Greeks in various places of the Greek peninsula would at times rise up against Ottoman rule and they eventually broke free of this government.

Conflict

The root of these conflicts is previous mistrust. If that hadn't occurred these conflicts wouldn't have even happened. Many fights have arouse. Cyprus had to be split into two sections because of these conflicts. The Turkish occupy the north and the Greeks occupy the south. This conflict has been going on since 1960. During these incidents, many loved ones had been taken from their families and friends. The sides feel as their ancestors had been slaughtered by opposite sides and that it is their job to get revenge. A few years ago some people from both sides have claimed that their loved one has been kidnapped by the opposite side. Several thousands of people died during this conflict. If the ottoman rule had not occurred , this island would be more peaceful, war less, and happy.
A Divided Island - Cyprus

Hope

A few Turks and a few Greeks hope that this conflict will end since all it has lead to is just more casualties. Some people feel they should just get along since it was their ancestors in the incidents and when the ottoman empire empire ended, their rivalry should have been buried. Some people feel that this conflict will end in a few generations or two since the impact of an issue lasts for about 5 generations maximum. These few Greeks and Turks get together and sing songs and dance in hope this issue will end.

Bibliography


"A Divided Island - Cyprus - YouTube." YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjKuexkCa5w>.

"Cyprus: Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts, Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities — Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free online reference, research & homework help. — Infoplease.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107447.html>.

Empire, zantine. "Cyprus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus>.

Greece, zantine. "Ottoman Greece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Greece>.