Brain Cancer

By: Arianna Borucinski, A2, 6/9/15

Introduction

Brain cancer is a cancer that takes place in the tissue of your brain and is a very fatal disease that many people are diagnosed with daily. it can lead to varies health affects and can also result in death. Thousands of people die from this disease worldwide and is continuing to becoming more common.

What is it?

Brain cancer, or also known as a brain tumor, is a cancer that builds up in your brain which stops information to be processed. These cancer cells come together and form something like a huddle.

What causes it?

We do not know the exact cause of brain cancer. But, we do know things that can connect to brain cancer like:

  • harmful toxins in the air
  • smoking cigars/cigarettes
  • HIV infections
  • and to much radiation to the head

Who can get it?

Anyone can get this disease. From kids to adults to specific genders to ethnic groups. But, it is most common in some categories. People from about 65 and up are at a higher risk of getting it and it is most common to get it. Certain cancers are also common in specific genders. For example, meningitis, is most likely to develop in women. As for, medulloblastomas are most likely to be found in men. Something else that puts a higher risk of getting a brain tumor is if you have a compromised immune system.

Also, if a family member has brain cancer, it does not mean that you will get it. There is just a more likelihood of getting it. It does not run in families.

What are some symptoms and how is it diagnosed?

Some symptoms include:

  • headaches

  • weakness

  • memory loss

  • clumsiness

  • seizures

  • difficulty walking

  • slows down attention and alertness

  • nausea

  • difficulty with speech and vision

  • changes in behavior


It is diagnosed by medical tests that shows pictures of the cancer and what and where it is. These tests are: CT scans, MRI's, biopsies, blood tests and something that is not common anymore, skull x-rays.

What is the treatment for it?

There is no specific curable medicine that you can take. Brain cancer or any cancer is cannot be cured. But there are treatments you can take to help it. Radiation therapy and chemo therapy are the most common treatments. Also if the tumor is small enough, it can be removed in surgery.

Can it be cured? What are the survival rates?

No, cancer cannot be cured. But, there are many survival rates for different types of brain cancer: https://docs.google.com/a/newfairfieldschools.org/document/d/1KbIf33tCoD0TS2vq-LIrQE0_FwVT4Hs75RCVs_vzMic/edit?usp=sharing


Also many people die from this. An estimated 15,000-16,000 people day per year from brain tumors in the United States.

What can you do to maintain a healthy lifestyle with brain cancer?

Here are 6 ways you can help yourself with this disease:

1. Doctors recommend radiation and chemotherapy to help and try to kill off brain cancer.


2. For comforting yourself during this time, painkillers are a good choice if you are not feeling well or you are having pains throughout your body.

3. Do not eat junk. Eat a healthy diet and if you can exercise that are low key like walking.

4. Maintain your tumor by getting either CT scans, MRI’s and biopsies.

5. Accept people’s support and love so you can be happier. Take everyday like a normal day and just live life to the fullest.

6. Rest. Make sure you get plenty of sleep.

What is the future of it?

There are many things that are advancing in research for brain cancer. Research has been going on for a very long time now. Dr. Behnam Badie made a tool that forms a cavity on the tumor itself so they can inject treatments at the source. The vaccines that he uses are going to be injected when the first diagnoses is and will be working with other treatments like chemo. Surgery has been technological advanced too. There is a tool where they make a hole in the skull then a tube leads right to the brain cancer using an MRI. Threw this tube, they inject vaccines and other available treatments. The future of this terrible disease has developed more strategies without using chemo. The future in brain cancer is steps ahead of where we are now and is exciting that many of these strategies can help cure this terrible tumor.

Bibliography

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  • "Brain Cancer." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "Survival Rates for Selected Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors." Survival Rates for Selected Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "Brain Tumor - Statistics." Cancer.Net. N.p., 25 June 2012. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "Brain Cancer Risk Factors." Brain Cancer Risk Factors: Age, Gender, Others. N.p., 01 Jan. 0001. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "Living with a Brain Tumor." Living with a Brain Tumor. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "Live from ASCO '15: Present & Future for Brain Tumor Treatment."YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 10 June 2015.
  • "The Future of Brain Surgery and Research | City of Hope's Behnam Badie." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 10 June 2015.