# Digital Learning Day - 5th Grade

## Today's Objectives

Today's lesson is all about color schemes. What are they? How are they used? Why are they used?

By the end of today's lesson, you should be able to do the following:

1. Answer what a "color scheme" is.

2. Learn 5 major color schemes.

3. Identify color schemes in artwork.

4. Create a work of art of your own using a color scheme.

## The Color Wheel

Did you know that the color wheel was first invented by one of Mr. Stanley's heros, the great Sir. Isaac Newton? It was. The color wheel is just a way for us to visualize the different colors that we can see. Did you know that there are colors that you can't see? There are.

Artists choose their colors very carefully. To help them do this, artists create color schemes. A color scheme is a set of colors that an artist chooses to use on purpose. When an artist uses a color scheme they don't use every single color in the rainbow--instead they limit themselves to only certain colors. Below are the six major color schemes that are used in all different kinds of art.

## Color Scheme #1: Analogous Colors

Analogous means similar things. An analogous color scheme is a color scheme that uses similar colors. I like to think of this as the "piece of pie" color scheme. Take a piece of pie out of the color wheel and you've got yourself an analogous color scheme!

## Color Scheme #2: Complementary Colors

Complementary color schemes are color schemes that use opposite colors. Opposite colors have the bonus effect of making each other POP out.

Reds and greens.

Blues and oranges.

Yellows and violets.

## Color Scheme #3: Triadic Colors

Triangle.

Tricycle.

Trilogy.

Tri.

What do all of these words have in common? They all have something to do with the number 3.

Triangle? 3 angles.

Tricycle? 3 wheels.

Trilogy? 3 storys.

A triad color scheme is made when you choose 3 colors that are all equally spaced out around the color wheel. An easy way to do this is to use all primary colors, all secondary colors, or all tertiary colors.

## Color Scheme #4: Split-Complementary

This is a tricky one. Follow along with me.

You start by choosing a color on the color wheel. We're going to call that your accent color, because that's the color that's going to POP out and you're only going to use it a little bit.

Then, find your accent's complement (it's opposite color). Now you don't use this color, you use the colors on either side of it. Confused? Take a look at the color wheel here. In this example green, red-violet, and red-orange are the three colors selected with green being the accent color.

## Color Scheme #5: Accented Neutral Colors

To make an Accented Neutral color scheme, you first need to make a neutral color scheme. Don't worry, it's really easy! A neutral color scheme is a color scheme that has no bright colors--all blacks, grays, whites, and browns. Sometimes we call these, "earth tones".

To make it Accented Neutral we just need to add one "accent" color. The accent color--the only bright color in the whole artwork--will really pop out from the other colors. The examples below all use the same accent color. Do you see it?

## Now I understand color schemes... so what should I CREATE?!?!

And now on to your homework :D

1. Start by downloading the app "colorwheelfree" or "Color Wheel". These will help you select your own color scheme! Think carefully--play around with each different type of color scheme. Try using lighter/darker versions of different colors, too!

2. Once you've come up with a color scheme that you like, open the app "Sketches" (if you search "Sketches" in the app store it's the first app. It's called, "Tayasui Sketches - Draw, Paint, and Doodle". Using this app, create your own original work of art using the color scheme that you chose. This should take about half an hour or so. You might need to start over once or twice before you get the hang of this app.