Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics

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Location of Sochi

Sochi is a beautiful resort city located in Russia. It is Russia's most southern and warmest city. Sochi has a population of about 400,000

Skeleton

Skeleton takes place on the same track as the bobsleigh and luge. Skeleton starts with a running "push" phase, then the athlete dives onto the sled and slide down the track. The athlete lies face down with their arms by their sides and steer the skeleton with the movements of their body. During the event, athlete can reach speeds up to 140km/h and the highest amount g-force an athlete has felt is 5 g. Skeleton only made 2 appearances at the Winter Olympics in the 20th century. The first time was in 1928 and the second was in 1948. Both games were held at St. Moritz in Sweden. It wasn't until the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City that skeleton was reintroduced for good. Skeleton was invented by British tourists in the 1800s. People who took part would slide down a hill between two towns, and whoever won received a bottle of champagne. The sport got its name from a new sled that was made by mostly metal. People thought it looked like a skeleton.

Skeleton Rules and Equipment

Rules


  • After being called to the starting area by an official, the slider has 30 seconds to begin his or her run.
  • The maximum combined weight of the slider, sled and equipment is 92 kilograms for women and 115 kilograms for men.
  • Loads may be applied to the sled to make it heavier but not to the slider's body.
  • Warming the sled's metal runners or applying any matter that improves sliding before use is prohibited.
  • The slider must be on the sled when passing the finish line for the run to be valid.
  • Athletes can not try to slow down on the course and as a result, they will be disqualified.
  • The same sled must be used for both heats, unless it is broken.

Equipment


Brakes - There are no brakes, at the end of the course there is an incline to stop the sliders.


Bumpers - Bumpers at the front and back absorb shock and prevent athletes from the wall.


Gloves - Gloves are usually made out of leather and are used for protection.


Handles - These are used for the pushing at the start of the race and during the race. Handles must be covered with soft material.


Helmet - Sliders must wear helmets. The helmets are hard plastic and have a chin guard and a visor.


Racing Suit - The racing suit is a tight body suit made of elastic fabric that may have padding sewn into the elbows.


Shoes - The shoes are made out of synthetic material and have spikes on the bottom for grip during the running "push" phase.


Sled - The sled is made of two runners that must be constructed of steel.

Australian Athletes Competing

There are 3 Australians competing in Skeleton. Their names are Lucy Chaffer, John Farrow and Michelle Steele.