BOMBINGS AT HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI
Bombing in Hiroshima and Nagasaki Ends World War 2
Summary of Event
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These are the locations of the cites in Japan that dropped the bomb.
This an overview of the plane that carried the bombs. You can see
the bombing in the background.
Three days later, Fat Man was dropped on Nagasaki killing 40,000 right away. Ten years later the risk of cancer had gotten bigger. The doctors think it's because of the bombs radiation impact on them. There are lots of stories about what happened in Nagasaki. Nagasaki was not as effected as Hiroshima because the hills were bigger and a river protected it from the bomb. Nagasaki got hit by the bomb but it wasn't as loud as Hiroshima. One disturbing fact about the bomb is the shadows left behind by those who witnessed it. There are shadows on the walls of buildings still standing after the blast left from the bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The bright light from the blast is what left them on the walls forever frozen in time during their last moments on the Earth. Japan would formally surrender several days later bringing an end to the Pacific Campaign and ending WWII.
FIRST HAND ACCOUNT
“Well, at that time, I happened to be receiving the transmission over the wireless. I was in the receiving room and I was facing northward. I noticed the flashing light. It was not really a big flash. But still it drew my attention. In a few seconds, the heat wave arrived. After I noticed the flash, white clouds spread over the blue sky. It was amazing. It was as if blue morning-glories had suddenly bloomed up in the sky. It was funny, I thought. Then came the heat wave. It was very very hot. Even though there was a window glass in front of me, I felt really hot. It was as if I was looking directly into a kitchen oven. I couldn’t bear the heat for a long time. Then I heard the cracking sound. I don’t know what made that sound, but probably it came from the air which suddenly expanded in the room. By that time, I realized that the bomb had been dropped. As I had been instructed, I pushed aside the chair and lay with my face on the floor. Also as I had been instructed during the frequent emergency exercises, I covered my eyes and ears with hands like this. And I started to count. You may feel that I was rather heartless just to start counting. But for us, who observed the weather, it is a duty to record the process of time, of various phenomena. So I started counting with the light flash. When I counted to 5 seconds, I heard the groaning sound. At the same time, the window glass was blown off and the building shook from the bomb blast. So the blast reached that place about 5 seconds after the explosion. We later measured the distance between the hypocenter and our place. And with these two figures, we calculated that the speed of the blast was about 700 meters per second. The speed of sound is about 330 meters per second, which means that the speed of the blast was about twice as fast as the speed of sound.”- Isao Kita
FACTS AND STATISTICS
- The bombing at Hiroshima killed 80,000 people right away
- The bombing at Nagasaki killed 40,000 people right away
- Japan calls Little Boy and Fat Man "The New Most Cruel Bomb"
- People describe the bombs as "a big bright that when you look at it, it feels like nails stabbing your eyes one at a time and a big BOOM that kills your ears"
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"Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016.
"Hiroshima & Nagasaki Remembered." Hiroshima and Nagasaki Remembered. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016
"Avalon Project - The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki." Avalon Project - The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016.