Natives from North America

Information about the natives from North America

Anasazi (ancestors) of Pueblo

The Anasazi constructed dams, ditches, and canals to trap rain from tops of mesa and channel to gardens on canyon floor. Their houses were made up of adobe and stone, they were multi-storied had apartment-like structures and lived along walls of cliffs or large plazas. From Pueblo Bonito they built roads for trading networks. Craftsmen made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, (black on white) pottery. The Anasazi had heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups such as Hopi and Zuni ( 2 of largest Pueblo groups today.

Adena (Eastern Woodlands peoples)

The Adena lived in the Ohio valley region around 700 BC. They grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. Produced exquisite copper jewelry and fine pottery and they have elaborate burial mounds made up of log structures covered by piles of earth.


Hopewell (Eastern Woodland Peoples)

The Hopewell arrived in Ohio valley around 300 BC. The Adena and The Hopewell are know as "Mound Builders", they built mounds some were 40 feet and 100 feet wide. The artifacts found suggest an extensive Trade network.

Mississippians

The Mississippians arrived in Mississippi valley by 800 AD.They had plants that had increased the population when they added maize and beans. The increase in population resulted in the need for more land, The increase in land resulted in numerous cities with up to 10,000 people (largest was Cahokia- located near present day East St. Louis). In the center of the city of Cahokia's was a massive mound approximately 100 feet high base of more than 14 acres (Larger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt). Surrounding the massive mound were 120 smaller mounds.