ELA Terms To Know

Explaining The Stuff That Was Explained But Slightly Better

Connotation and Denotation

Denotation is when you say what you mean, like how our parents always tell us, "Say something nice or don't say anything at all." They mean that, so they're using denotation. Connotation is when you say something you don't mean, like saying, "Oh she's really pretty!" when you really mean, "Wow I want to high five her! In the face! With a chair! Covered in knives!"


So basically, when telling someone you hate them from the deepest pits of your heart, you're using denotation, but lying and saying that you like someone when you really want to hit them with a flaming chair covered in knives, is connotation.

Points Of View

In third person point of view, you're basically God, or whatever you believe in. You see everything, you know what the characters are thinking and you can see things that the characters don't know about. For instance, sometimes you'll read a book, or an article somewhere and the author would use, "They got hit in the face with a random shoe at a concert and they were hurt." that's the author giving his/her God/whatever-you-believe-in points. Saying what happened from a distance and giving their feelings. But sometimes those things don't always work out like that, as I will explain in a later bubble box thing.


In first person point of view, you're the niave little character who thinks you know everything but you don't. You're only entitled to your opinion and your opinion alone, it's like how us humans speak, you would say, "Oh yeah! I went to see Asking Alexandria that time!" You're saying, 'I' and you mean yourself, so you would refer to yourself in first person point of view as 'I'.


Second person point of view is what I'm using right now, by the author saying, 'you did,' or, 'you think,' or, 'you want' they're basically adding the reader to this story. It's a tricky concept to grasp at first, but there have been entire books written in second person POV! Some examples are Bright Lights, Big City by Jay McInerney (I've never read it...) and The Night Circus by Erin Morgenstern (Also never read that one.)

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Simile and Metaphor

"It's a metaphor" The famous quote from Augustus Waters, but, what exactly is a metaphor? Well, to answer the question that was probably answered by dozens of other posters, a metaphor is comparing something totally different, and it doesn't use like or as like a simile does.


Now for the similes, a simile is a metaphor in the sense of it's comparing something, but, it compares certain things that are alike, and it uses like or as. When you say, "My love is like a red, red rose." (Robert Burns said that not me) you're comparing the attributes of a rose to those of a woman, with a ruddy complexion, soft skin and a nice (or fragrant) scent.

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Types of Poetry

Lyrical poetry is basically songs. You're writing a poem and then you add music and you're just like, "Hey! I like this. Let me produce it and make billions of dollars off of it!" So that's an easy way to remember it right?


Epics are long, narrative poems normally celebrating the adventures and achievements of a person and they can deal with the traditions, mythical or historical facts of a nation. I don't really like epics because they're really long and sometimes really boring. THe way you can tell them apart is by reading one, and possibly nearly falling asleep. Not the best way to tell a poem apart from another poem but it works.


Narrative poetry is telling a story of something, just shorter than epics. A narrative poem can be about anything, as long as it tells a story, so an easy way to remember them is: Narrative poems are shorter than epics and I won't fall asleep in them.

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Commonplace Assertion, Opinion, Fact

Commonplace Assertion is basically a widespread opinion. Like how people say that milk is good for you, but where's the evidence? Is it scientifically proven that milk is good for you? (I'm sure it is but you know...LPDR).


An opinion is just what you believe, like how some people think EDM is a great music genre, that's their opinion. Or like how some people think Linkin Park was the best band in history (before they got all mainstream that is...during their Hybrid Theory days they were amazing...but hey, that's my opinion.) An opinion is really easy to spot, if you don't agree with what the person is saying or if you think that they belong so far off in Alcatraz that not even the guards can reach them justifies whether the statement is an opinion or not.


And a Fact is pretty simple, it's something that someone says that's backed up by, well, facts. You say something and it's proved by legit data and not something off some pro-hackers website. Like, when you say something like, "Squidgy (OM&M fans will get it) is adorable." That's not proven, so it's an opinion, but, when you say, "Squidgy is a rainbow squid." That's proven, because Squidgy is a rainbow squid.

Omniscient and Limited Omniscient POVs

When the narrator is basically God (or whatever you believe in) and they know everything, they are considered Omniscient, but, when the narrator is just like, "And I don't know this person so I'm going to skip them HAHAHA!" then they're considered limited omniscient. It's pretty easy to tell them apart, if the narrator knows how the character feels, and knows what they're thinking, they're omniscient, but if they barely know anything then they're limited omniscient.
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