Arab Spring

December 18, 2010 - unclear end date

What is Arab Spring?

The article "Arab Spring" from TIME MAGAZINE explains Arab Spring as this:

"The remarkable series of popular uprisings in 2011 that challenged long established autocratic regimes across North Africa and the Middle East--which became known as the Arab Spring--were driven by young people. About 60% of the region's population is under 30. These millions of youths organized their protests with a new tool, social media. They had diverse aspirations, but above all, they shared one dream: they sought to be treated as citizens, not subjects. In Tunisia and Egypt, the protesters won Round 1 in spectacular fashion. Elsewhere, things got messier: violence spread, civil war erupted, and entrenched powers--sectarian, ethnic and tribal--asserted themselves. The future remains in play, but one fact is clear: the Arab world will never be the same."

The Beginning

The Arab Spring started in Tunisia with the Tunisian Revolution and spread to surrounding countries. Demonstrations, protests, riots, and civil wars in the Arab world started on December 18, 2010 and started to fade by mid- 2012. The ongoing civil war is most commonly found in Syria right now.

Countries Involved

Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain, Syria, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Sudan, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Western Sahara, Palestine
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What was the role of religion?

  • Mosques- protesters received motivation and a place to prepare for demonstrations
  • Quran- inspired individuals to take a position on economics and social deprivation

Causes

Repression of freedom of speech, human rights abuses, economic mismanagement, and corruption, youthful activists and social media, and politics and military played an important role in the causes of Arab Spring uprisings.

What has changed?

Online social media: Egyptians used online social medias at platforms for dissent and organizing mass actions. Bloggers and texting on mobile phones also used their online skills to spread the news.

Women: Participated and were tough people but have a long road of struggle ahead of them to secure their rights and equality

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Major Events

Next...

Politics are changing. Islamist parties have gained power through elections but must prove their capabilities. The question of Islam's role. Economy and industry. Uncertainty for Israel.

Syria today

The Syrian civil war began in 2011 as part of the Arab Spring uprisings and is still continuing today. It is an on-going multi-sided armed conflict with many international interventions taking place. It started with protests against Syria's president Assad's government
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What is Arab Winter?

Arab Winter is a term for the violence and instability in the aftermath of the Arab Spring protests in Arab World countries. It is also called Islamist Winter and characterized by extensive civil wars, instability, economic decline, and religious wars between Sunni and Shia Muslims.